Near Boise in Ada County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez le bois!” (“The woods; the woods; see the woods!”) In this way, Captain Bonnevilleís party became credited with naming the Boise Valley.
A career soldier, Bonneville secured a leave of absence from the Army to “examine the locations, habits and trading practices of the Indian tribes, visit the American and British establishments, and study the best means of making the country available to American citizens.” He left St. Louis in May 1832 with 110 men and 20 wagons.
Bonneville explored Utahís Great Salt Lake and crossed southern Idaho several times. His routes helped establish what became the Oregon Trail for settlers entering the Boise River Valley. He finally returned to the East in 1835.
Today, Bonneville County, Idaho, the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, and Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River are named in his honor.
”Bonneville considered the country about the Boise (or Woody) river as the most enchanting he had seen in the Far West, and described it as presenting the mingled grandeur and beauty
-Washington Irving, The Adventures of Captain Bonneville, 1837
Bonneville Point Time Line
- 1978 - Congress designates the Oregon Trail as a National Historic Trail.
- 1972 - Bonneville Point is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
- 1927 - The Kiwanis Club of Boise erects a stone monument at Bonneville Point.
- 1890 - Idaho becomes the 43rd state in the Union.
- 1883 - The Oregon Short Line Railroad reaches southern Idaho. Wagons continue to travel the Oregon Trail.
- 1878 - Bannock War began on Camas Prairie.
- 1877 - United States establishes Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
- 1867 - United State establishes Fort Hall Indian Reservation.
- 1864-66 - The Governor of Idaho Territory negotiates two treaties with southwestern Idaho bands of Shoshone, Bannock, and Paiute Indians. The treaties were never ratified by Congress.
- 1863 - Idaho Territory is created on March 4, 1863. The United States Army establishes military Fort Boise as a major cavalry post to protect wagon trains and gold miners. This led to the establishment of Boise City. Gold is discovered near Silver City.
- 1862 - Miners discover gold near Idaho City.
- 1856 - Hudsonís Bay Company abandons its southern
- 1843 - The first large party of emigrants travel the Oregon Trail, taking wagons past Fort Hall to the Williamette Valley in Oregon.
- 1833 - Captain Benjamin L.E. Bonneville visits this promontory point with a fur trapping expedition.
- 1821 - North West Company merges with Hudsonís Bay Company.
- 1819 - Donald Mackenzie, working for North West Company, negotiates peace with Indians to open up the fur trade in southwestern Idaho.
- 1813 - John Reid establishes a fur trading post at the mouth of the Boise River.
- 1811 - Wilson Price Huntís expedition, working for John Jacob Astor, explores southern Idaho and reaches the Boise River Valley. Expedition member Donald Mackenzie continues north to explore the Seven Devils region and Lewiston Valley.
- 1804-06 - Lewis and Clarkís Corps of Discovery explore the Northwest and central Idaho.
Location. 43° 29.513′ N, 116° 2.434′ W. Marker is near Boise, Idaho, in Ada County. Marker can be reached from S. Upper Blacks Creek Road 1.3 miles north of E. Blacks Creek Road. Click for map. Marker is located at the Bonneville Point interpretive site along the route of the Oregon Trail at the end of S. Upper Blacks Creek Road. Marker is in this post office area: Boise ID 83716, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bonneville Point (here, next to this marker); The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration (here, next to this marker); The Hunt Expedition (a few steps from this marker); The Shoshone and Northern Paiute (a few steps from this marker); Basque Country (approx. 3.4 miles away); Oregon Trail (approx. 3.5 miles away); Diversion Dam (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Oregon Trail (approx. 5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Boise.
Categories. • Exploration •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 481 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.