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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas

 
 
Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith Peterson, July 6, 2007
1. Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas Marker
Inscription. Curving through the center of Texas from Hill County south and west to Uvalde County is the rugged escarpment-fault called Balcones. The abundance of natural resources associated with this geologic formation affected the pattern of colonization in Texas. The numerous springs and wooded hills of the escarpment and adjacent fertile prairies attracted Indian tribes and Spanish colonists before the area was permanently settled by Anglo-American pioneers.

Spanish explorer Bernardo de Miranda in 1756 named the formation “Los Balcones”, meaning “Balconies”. Part of El Camino Real, the “King’s Highway”, skirted the fault line. Spanish missions and presidios were located at springs near San Antonio, Austin, and elsewhere, but many Spanish settlements disappeared before 1800.

Anglo-Americans led by Stephen F. Austin began to settle near the Balcones escarpment before 1830. Through their courage and determination, early pioneer settlements grew into the towns and cities that today dot the fault line. The town of Austin, with its combination of beauty and natural resources, was chosen capital of the independent Republic of Texas, which became the 28th state of the United States.
 
Erected 1976 by the Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12689.)
Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Arguendo & Dixi, July 27, 2011
2. Balcones Fault Aids Colonization of Texas Marker

 
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 30° 23.064′ N, 97° 46.096′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker is on North Capital of Texas Highway (State Highway 360), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located just west of Spicewood Springs Road. Marker is in this post office area: Austin TX 78731, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Quarry Site (approx. 2.9 miles away); Davis Cemetery (approx. 3.2 miles away); Jolly Cemetery (approx. 3.4 miles away); The Old Zimmerman Home (approx. 3.6 miles away); Jollyville Community and School (approx. 3.6 miles away but has been reported missing); St. Stephen’s Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 3.9 miles away); First Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Austin (approx. 4 miles away); Austin Memorial Park Cemetery (approx. 4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Austin.
 
Also see . . .
1. The University of Texas Libraries - The Balcones Escarpment. (Submitted on December 23, 2009, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas.)
2. Handbook of Texas On-Line. A short article on Bernardo De Miranda. (Submitted on December 29, 2009.) 
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. This page has been viewed 2,021 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas.   2. submitted on , by Arguendo & Dixi of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on October 5, 2016.
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