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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Baldwyn in Prentiss County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Brice's Cross Roads

Confederate Victory — Pursuit of the Union

 
 
Brice's Cross Roads: Confederate Victory - Pursuit of the Union Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 23, 2012
1. Brice's Cross Roads: Confederate Victory - Pursuit of the Union Marker
Inscription. Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry had routed Brigadier General Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry one-half mile east of the Cross Roads and the Federal infantry that was thrown into battle line one-quarter mile east of the Cross Roads. A strong defense at the Cross Roads by several Union infantry regiments and artillery units allowed the infantry brigades of Colonels Alexander Wilkin and George B. Hoge to retreat west from the Cross Roads up the Ripley Road.

"(At the Cross Roads), in conjunction with the artillery, we maintained our position for more than two hours, a regular stand-up fight,…the enemy making charge after charge in front, only to be driven back by volleys of grape, canister, and musketry. …my command fighting until almost surrounded, the enemy within twenty steps of our guns, we were the last to leave the field that day." —Lt. Col. Andrew W. Rodgers, 81st Illinois Vol. Inf.

The Union defense at the Cross Roads was broken by repeated Confederate charges and by Colonel Barteau's flanking movement and threat to gain the Union rear. "The steady advance of my men and the concentrated, well-directed, and rapid fire from my batteries…threw (the Union) back, and the retreat or rout began." (Forrest)

The 72nd Ohio infantry, the 6th Indiana artillery, and several companies of
Log Cabin Trail image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 23, 2012
2. Log Cabin Trail
The marker is seen on the left. This view looks north at the beginning of the Log Cabin Trail from the overlook parking area.
the 55th United States Colored Infantry (USCI) defended the Tishomingo Creek Bridge along with remnants of retreating Union regiments.

"Before reaching Tishomingo Creek the road was so blockaded with abandoned vehicles of every description that it was difficult to move the artillery forward. Ordering up my horses, they were mounted and the pursuit was then continued and the enemy were driven until dark. He attempted the destruction of his wagons, loaded with ammunition and bacon, but so closely was he pursued that many of them were saved without injury, although the road was lighted for some distance."

"…In the bottom on the south prong of the Hatchie (River) they had abandoned the balance of their wagon train, all their wounded, and 14 pieces of artillery."

"On reaching the town of Ripley, about 8 a.m., the enemy was found in line of battle…and at the first appearance of additional forces he again retreated,…and from this place to the end of their pursuit the enemy offered no organized resistance, but retreated in the most complete disorder, throwing their guns, clothing, and everything calculated to impede his flight."

"This victory may be justly considered one of the most complete of the war, and for it I feel indebted to the valor of my troops…" —Maj. Gen. Nathan B. Forrest, C.S. Army
 
Erected by
Brice's Cross Roads Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 30, 2008
3. Brice's Cross Roads Marker
Civil War Preservation Trust. (Marker Number C-1.)
 
Location. 34° 30.694′ N, 88° 43.886′ W. Marker is near Baldwyn, Mississippi, in Prentiss County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 370 0.4 miles west of Bethany Road (State Highway 370), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. The Tishomingo Overlook Road is a short park road that ends at a parking area and overlook (Auto Tour Stop 7). The marker is near the start of the Log Cabin Trail, a battlefield trail which leads northeast from the overlook following an old farm road trace. Marker is in this post office area: Baldwyn MS 38824, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Artillery at Log Cabin Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Terrain and Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Brice's Cross Roads (within shouting distance of this marker); Union Wagon Train (within shouting distance of this marker); General Barteau's Flank Movement (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tishomingo Creek Bridge (about 500 feet away); Chief Tishomingo (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Tishomingo Creek Bridge (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Baldwyn.
 
More about this marker. The marker includes a map which shows the progress of Forrest's Confederates as they pushed the Federals from the Crossroads to the bridge.
 
Also see . . .
1. Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site. National Park Service (Submitted on March 7, 2014.) 

2. The Battle of Brice's Crossroads. Civil War Trust (Submitted on March 7, 2014.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 466 times since then and 23 times this year. Last updated on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia.   3. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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