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Niagara Falls in Niagara County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Great Cataract of Niagara

An attraction even in wartime

 
 
The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 31, 2014
1. The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker
Inscription. Early European Visitors
The Niagara River, with its mighty falls and rapids, was well known by Native Americans. Word of its majesty reached European explorers and soldiers who came to North America. Despite their mission, explorers and soldiers alike took time to see the watery spectacles for themselves.

1615 Etienne Brule, a French explorer may have been the first European to actually view the Falls and gorge.

1678 French explorer La Salle passed through here on his way to survey the Great Lakes. Along on the trip was Louis Hennepin published the first engraving of Niagara Falls in his book Nouvelle Decouverte.

1720 French fur trader Chabert Joncaire established a trading post at the lower portage landing at the foot of the gorge and likely guided many early visitors to the Falls.

1750 French soldiers stationed at Fort Niagara at the mouth of the Niagara River were in a good position to visit the Falls regularly. Two French officers from Fort Niagara escorted Peter Kalm, a Swedish botanist and agriculturalist, to the Falls.

1759 After the English captured Fort Niagara, they had access to the Falls as well. General Sir William Johnson, Colonel Frederick Haldimand, Reverend John Ogilvie, and several other officers were escorted by three companies of light infantry "...to see Niagara
Eastward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 31, 2014
2. Eastward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker
The North Grand Island Bridges (I-190) are in the background.
Falls."

1760 Thomas Davies was one of the first to illustrate views of the Falls. Davies created this image entitled "An East View of the Great Cataract of Niagara" while on a survey for Major General Jeffery Amherst.

Illustrator of the French & Indian War
British Artilleryman and officer Thomas Davies illustrated these and many other scenes during the French & Indian War. Artists were an important part of an organized army; their skills of observation were used to document places and events.

French & Indian War. The first Europeans visited the natural attractions of the Great Lakes Seaway Trail. Seaway Trail, Inc. Corner Ray & West Mail St., Sackets Harbor, NY 13685. www.seawaytrail.com . America's Byways. This project was funded in part by the Federal Highway Administration and administered by the New York State Scenic Byways Program of the New York State Department of Transportation and Seaway Trail, Inc.
 
Erected by Seaway Trail, Inc.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway marker series.
 
Location. 43° 4.708′ N, 79° 1.083′ W. Marker is in Niagara Falls, New York, in Niagara County. Marker can be reached from Robert Moses Parkway (New York State
Eastward Parking Lot View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 31, 2014
3. Eastward Parking Lot View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker
Chemical Plants in the background use energy from the New York Power Authority's Niagara Power Plant (hydro power); from here the underground water tunnels carry water from the upper Niagara River to the generating plant downriver.
Route 957A) one mile north of Interstate 190. Click for map. The Marker, and the Fort Schlosser marker, are located at a scenic overlook of the upper Niagara River where the two New York State Power Authority water intake portal gates are located. The gates are housed in towers. The overlook is accessible by car only from the parkway. The parkway divider is cut to allow traffic to cross to and from the overlook area. Though marked north-south, this stretch of the parkway is compass east-west. Marker is in this post office area: Niagara Falls NY 14304, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Schlosser (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Portage Road (approx. 1.2 miles away); Niagara Falls Veterans Memorial (approx. 1.3 miles away); Historic Falls Portage (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Niagara River Portage and the Old Stone Chimney (approx. 1.4 miles away); Old Stone Chimney (approx. 1.4 miles away); Thomas V. Welch (approx. 1.4 miles away); Old Blockhouse (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Niagara Falls.
 
More about this marker. GPS coordinates are for the Robert Moses Parkway by the western end of the Overlook Parking area.
 
Also see . . .
1. Niagara Power Plant - New York Power Authority
Westward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 31, 2014
4. Westward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker
. The free Power Vista visitor center is downriver. Scroll to the bottom of the link for the Power Vista link. (Submitted on April 10, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.) 

2. Thomas Davies - Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 10, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
 
Categories. ExplorationWar, French and Indian
 
Southward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 31, 2014
5. Southward View of The Great Cataract of Niagara Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 399 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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