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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Monahans in Ward County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum

 
 
Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, April 17, 2014
1. Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum Marker
Inscription. In these shifting seas of sand, rich in stone evidences of primitive men, today's visitors find flint points, sandstone metates and manos of peoples who were here as early as 10,000 years ago and late as the 1870s. Bones of great mammoths and gigantic bison prove that this desert was in post-glacial times a land of lakes and tall grasses.

Cabeza de Vaca in 1535 and Antonio de Espejo in 1583 encountered Jumanos, historic tribe which hunted here. In 1590 Castaño de Sosa found a tribe he called Vaqueros because they lived by hunting cows (buffalo)--the tribe later called Apaches.

For more than 100 years at this stop on great Comanche War Trail extending into Mexico. Apache fought Comanche for pools of water and acorns of dwarf Shinnery oak. The California or Emigrant Trail through the Sand Hills started with the gold rush. Was first mapped in September 1849 by Capt. Randolph B. Marcy, U.S. topographical engineers, and in 1854 by Capt. John Pope, who explored a railroad route toward the Pacific Ocean.

3,000 acres of Sand Hills were designated in 1957 as a state park, after acquisition and construction of museum by Ward County. Has picnic facilities.
 
Erected 1964 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 3434.)
 
Marker series.
Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, April 17, 2014
2. Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum Marker
This marker is included in the Antonio de Espejo Entrada of 1582-1583, and the Comanche Trail into Mexico marker series.
 
Location. 31° 37.109′ N, 102° 48.719′ W. Marker is in Monahans, Texas, in Ward County. Marker can be reached from State Highway Park Road 41 0.2 miles north of Interstate 20, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is located in front of the visitor center to Monahans Sandhill State Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2500 E Interstate 20, Monahans TX 79756, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 15 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Christ The King Catholic Church (approx. 5.1 miles away); Ector County Discovery Well (approx. 13 miles away); Penwell (approx. 14.4 miles away).
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .  Monahans Sandhills State Park. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (Submitted on April 30, 2014.) 
 
Categories. ExplorationHispanic AmericansNative AmericansPaleontology
 
Monahans Sandhills image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
3. Monahans Sandhills
Spanish Trails image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, April 17, 2014
4. Spanish Trails
Display sign in the visitor center depicting routes of various Spanish entradas in the region.
Springs in the Sand Dunes image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, April 17, 2014
5. Springs in the Sand Dunes
Photo shows how water forms springs in the sand dunes. Comanches, whose Comanche Trail passed through the dunes, were aware of the springs. Captain Marcy's Comanche guide, Manuel, in 1849, escorted Marcy through the dunes via Willow Springs, a campsite utilized by the Comanche. See more Gelo, Daniel J. "Comanche Land and Ever Has Been": A Native Geography of the Nineteenth-Century Comanchería." The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 103.3 (2000). High resolution photo; Click to read.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 540 times since then and 56 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on October 20, 2016.
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