Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Houston County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Old Columbia Jail / Columbia

 
 
Old Columbia Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 1, 2014
1. Old Columbia Jail Marker
Inscription.
(side 1)
Old Columbia Jail

Erected sometime in the early 1860's, the Old Columbia Jail is today one of the last wooden jails still standing in Alabama. Originally, there were two cells, each measuring 10 x 15 feet. Interior walls are studded every two inches with iron spikes to prevent prisoners from being able to escape. The Columbia Women's Club and the Columbia Bicentennial Committee have completely renovated the building as a museum to preserve some of the articles of historical interest to Columbia citizens.

(side 2)
Columbia

Formerly a prominent Chattahoochee River port-of-call, Columbia served as a major trading center for communities throughout the Wiregrass area of Alabama. Between 1822-1833, it was the county seat for Henry County which then comprised portions of present day Covington, Dale, Barbour, Coffee, Crenshaw, Bullock, Geneva and Houston Counties. At the turn of the century, Columbia was bypassed by the Alabama Midland Railway in favor of Dothan. As the railroads continued to take freight trade away from the riverboats, Columbia's position as a principal trade center began to decline.
 
Erected 1978 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission.
 
Location. 31° 
Columbia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 1, 2014
2. Columbia Marker
17.495′ N, 85° 6.737′ W. Marker is in Columbia, Alabama, in Houston County. Marker is at the intersection of East North Street and South Main Street, on the left when traveling west on East North Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 South Main Street, Columbia AL 36319, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Columbia, Alabama (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Columbia Methodist Episcopal Church, South (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbia Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Purcell - Killingsworth House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Coheelee Creek Covered Bridge (approx. 2.2 miles away in Georgia); Coheelee Creek Covered Bridge / Fannie Askew Williams Park (approx. 2.2 miles away in Georgia); Hilton United Methodist Church (approx. 2.8 miles away in Georgia); Covered Bridge 2 Mi. (approx. 2.8 miles away in Georgia). Click for a list of all markers in Columbia.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .  Old Columbia Jail - Columbia, Alabama. (Submitted on May 2, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
Old Columbia Jail image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 1, 2014
3. Old Columbia Jail
Old Columbia Jail image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 1, 2014
4. Old Columbia Jail
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 260 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement