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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Muleshoe in Bailey County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

XIT Ranch South Line

(About 100 feet south of this marker)

 
 
XIT Ranch South Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, April 29, 2014
1. XIT Ranch South Line Marker
Inscription. One of most famous boundaries in Texas. Marked edge of XIT — ranch empire bartered away by Texas for its Capitol building.

The 16th Legislature in 1879 designated a 3,000,000-acre tract to be used in payment for the Capitol. The grant extended 200 miles north from line here. Besides portion in this county, it included lands in counties of Castro, Cochran, Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Hockley, Lamb, Oldham, and Parmer. Heading the investors who built the Capitol were wealthy Chicago merchants, John V. and C.B. Farwell. Their surveying was begun in 1886.
 
Erected 1970 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 5456.)
 
Location. 34° 10.905′ N, 102° 44.016′ W. Marker is near Muleshoe, Texas, in Bailey County. Marker is at the intersection of Texas Route 214 and County Route 1090, on the left when traveling north on State Route 214. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Muleshoe TX 79347, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bailey County (approx. 3 miles away); The Founding of Bailey County (approx. 3 miles away); Old Muleshoe Ranch Cookhouse
XIT Ranch South Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, April 29, 2014
2. XIT Ranch South Line Marker
(approx. 4 miles away); Old Hurley (approx. 5.7 miles away); Bailey County Cemetery (approx. 7.5 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  1912: XIT Ranch sells its last head of cattle. “Despite the popular image of the cattle rancher as an independent and self-reliant pioneer, big-city capitalists and stockholders owned many of the most important 19th century ranches. The Chicago capitalists behind the XIT—also known as the Capitol Syndicate Ranch—were trying to get rich by catering to the growing American passion for fresh western beef. They received the land in exchange for financing a state capitol building in Texas.” (Submitted on October 25, 2015.) 
 
Categories. AgriculturePolitics
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 333 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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