“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Huntington in Cabell County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Battle of Guyandotte

Federal Retaliation

Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
1. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
Inscription. After capturing Guyandotte on November 10, 1861, and rounding up civilian Unionists and Federal recruits, Confederate forces under Col. John Clarkson and Col. Albert G. Jenkins began the next day to leave the town with their prisoners. At the same time the steamboat Boston arrived—too late—with Union reinforcements, about 200 soldiers of the 5th (West) Virginia Infantry. Boston fired a few shots from her bow gun at the departing Confederates and then docked. Earlier, steamer had picked up a few angry Unionists who had escaped from Guyandotte to Ohio when the Confederates attacked.

When they and the reinforcements landed here, they heard stories of an alleged “massacre” from wounded survivors who had evaded capture. They also learned of collaboration between pro-secessionist residents and the Confederate cavalrymen. The troops’ and Union sympathizers’ rage boiled over. An officer, perhaps Col. John L. Ziegler, issued orders to burn Guyandotte.

Only a few dwellings, such as the Keenan House and the Crawley House, survived the fire. The town’s most prominent secessionists received special attention from the fire-setters. Soldiers knocked on doors demanding that residents vacate, sometimes allowing them to bring along their valuables. The business section of Guyandotte was completely
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
2. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
gutted to prevent the Confederates from returning for supplies.

Notable buildings that were torched include Buffington Mill (reportedly the largest flour mill on the Ohio River between Cincinnati and Pittsburgh), the Forest Hotel, and Guyandotte Baptist Church. The entire town would have been burned, except that Union Col. William Bolles finally persuaded the soldiers to stop the destruction.

(lower left) Guyandotte’s cemetery is the oldest public cemetery in Cabell County and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Many of the area’s early settlers, as well as several American Revolutionary soldiers, are buried there.

(upper right) The Federal style Keenan House is one the oldest buildings in Guyandotte. It was constructed before 1840.

(upper left) A waterside town burning during the war, Harper’s Weekly, Aug. 31, 1861
(lower right) Bow gun on a steamer — Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 25.723′ N, 82° 23.399′ W. Marker is in Huntington, West Virginia, in Cabell
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
3. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
County. Marker can be reached from Guyan Street north of 5th Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. The marker is located in the backyard of the Madie Carroll House. Marker is at or near this postal address: 234 Guyan Street, Huntington WV 25702, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Guyandotte (here, next to this marker); Madie Carroll House (a few steps from this marker); Guyandotte (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); West Virginia Colored Children's Home (approx. 1.5 miles away); War Between the States Generals (approx. 1.8 miles away); Marshall Memorial Boulevard (Charleston Ave) (approx. 1.9 miles away); Marshall Memorial (approx. 1.9 miles away); One Room School Museum (approx. 2.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Huntington.
Categories. War, US Civil
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
4. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 399 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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