Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Patapsco Female Institute

Classes and Camps

 
 
Patapsco Female Institute. Classes and Camps Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, 2007
1. Patapsco Female Institute. Classes and Camps Marker
Inscription. The stabilized ruin above you - the Patapsco Female Institute - served the young ladies of the North and South from 1837 to 1891. Amelia Hart Lincoln Phelps, a renowned author and educator, headed the school between 1841 and 1855. Concerned with the increasing division of the country during the period, she hoped to bring young women together in friendship. In 1850, she wrote, "my daughters, do something for your country by using the influence within your sphere, to allay the strife and contention which endangers its prosperity, honor, and the stability of the government." Although Phelps was a slave owner who chided the "fanaticism" of the abolitionists, she also ardently supported the Union. A son, Charles E. Phelps, and a stepson, John W. Phelps, served in the U. S. Army during the war and became generals; the former also received the Medal of Honor.

During the fall of 1862, the 12th New Jersey Infantry Regiment camped in these hills to protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Capt. Richard S. Thompson described the hostile reception citizens sometimes gave his troops. "Go out for skirmish drill on the four hundred acres of the pompous Major Peters. This singular specimen of long drawn meat ordered us off his place. ... We did not see it in that light and continued our drill. But by December, when the unit received orders
Patapsco Female Institute Building image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, 2007
2. Patapsco Female Institute Building
to "strike tents and prepare to leave ... the people in Ellicotts Mills manifest[ed] much sorrow at our departure."
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 16.208′ N, 76° 47.771′ W. Marker is in Ellicott City, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker can be reached from Church Road 0.1 miles north of Sarahs Lane. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ellicott City MD 21043, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Patapsco Female Institute (a few steps from this marker); Mount Ida (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sunflower Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Stone Tavern House (approx. 0.2 miles away); B&O Railroad Station (approx. 0.2 miles away); Road Versus Rails (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hunt's General Store & Millinery Shop (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Williams House (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Ellicott City.
 
More about this marker. On the right side of the marker is a picture of Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, Courtesy of Howard County Historical Society

In
Patapsco Female Institute Building image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, 2007
3. Patapsco Female Institute Building
the center of the marker is a picture showing the, "Patapsco Female Institute (on hill), engraving ca 1857, published in Patapsco Female Institute Annual Report, 1856 - 1857" - Courtesy of the Patapsco Female Institute

Inset to the center picture is a "Charcoal drawing of the institute, 1885." This picture was provided Courtesy of Howard County Historical Society
 
Also see . . .  Official Website of the Patapsco Female Institute Historic Park. "When the school closed in 1890, it went through many metamorphoses: a hotel, a private residence, a World War I convalescent home, a summer outdoor theater and a nursing home for the indigents. Today the building is the focal point for a park for lovers of historical interpretations, archaeology, concerts, plays and other fine activities." (Submitted on December 17, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. What's Different About These Pictures
These pictures were taken with Ektachrome E100G film which was processed by Kodak. They were scanned into JPEG files using the excellent quality setting. This explains why the file size is much larger than JPEG files taken by a camera. It also explains the different color balance.
   
Patapsco Female Institute Building image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, 2007
4. Patapsco Female Institute Building
— Submitted December 17, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.

 
Categories. EducationWar, US Civil
 
Patapsco Female Institute Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 1, 2008
5. Patapsco Female Institute Marker
Marker, as seen from the road image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 1, 2008
6. Marker, as seen from the road
Marker, as seen from the hill image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 1, 2008
7. Marker, as seen from the hill
Ruins of Patapsco Female Institute image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 1, 2008
8. Ruins of Patapsco Female Institute
The ruins in 1936 image. Click for full size.
E. H. Pickering - Historic American Buildings Survey, August 1936
9. The ruins in 1936
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,281 times since then and 126 times this year. Last updated on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.   9. submitted on , by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement