“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Alexandria in Dekalb County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Morgan in Alexandria

Preparing for a Raid

Morgan in Alexandria Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 18, 2014
1. Morgan in Alexandria Marker
Inscription. From late in 1862 to mid-1863, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg fortified his defenses in Middle Tennessee while Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans reinforced his army. To disrupt the extended Federal communication and supply lines, late in 1862 Bragg ordered Gen. John Hunt Morgan to attack the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. On this occasion, and again in 1863, Morgan initiated a cavalry raid into Kentucky from here in Alexandria.

Alexandria offered well-watered areas near the fairgrounds sufficient to assemble thousands of mounted men, a road leading north to multiple Cumberland River crossings and a supportive population. The presence of the Confederate raiders was no secret, however, and there were those who felt that Morganís use of the area left the residents open to Federal reprisal.

On December 22, 1862, Morgan headed north from Alexandria with 3,100 cavalrymen and several artillery pieces on his “Christmas Raid.” Five days later, he reached Elizabethtown, Kentucky, where his men destroyed Louisville and Nashville Railroad trestles and bridges, temporarily rendering the line impassible. Pursuing Federal forces failed to block his return to Tennessee.

Morganís most daring raid began here when, on June 11, 1863, he led 2,400 cavalrymen through Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio in the deepest penetration of

Close up of maps shown on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 18, 2014
2. Close up of maps shown on the marker
the North by Confederate troops. Federal gunboats patrolling the Ohio River prevented Morgan from returning south, and tireless pursuit by Federal forces led eventually to his capture and imprisonment.

(lower left) Morganís Raiders, Harperís New Monthly Magazine (Aug. 1865)
(upper center) Gen. John Hunt Morgan Courtesy Library of Congress
(upper right) Morgan's Christmas Raid
(lower right) Morgan's Ohio Raid
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 4.66′ N, 86° 2.019′ W. Marker is in Alexandria, Tennessee, in Dekalb County. Marker is on West Main Street west of High Street (Tennessee Route 53), on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Alexandria TN 37012, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Gen. John H. Morgan CSA (here, next to this marker); Adam Dale (approx. 6 miles away but has been reported missing); Battle of Snow Hill (approx. 7.8 miles away); Beckwith Inn (approx.

Morgan in Alexandria Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 18, 2014
3. Morgan in Alexandria Marker
12.2 miles away); Upper Ferry (approx. 12.6 miles away); Bragg Invades Kentucky (approx. 12.8 miles away); Smith County Courthouse Square (approx. 12.8 miles away); Captain William Walton (approx. 12.8 miles away).
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 324 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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