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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Clark County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Inside the Earthwork

 
 
Inside the Earthwork Wayside Exhibit image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
1. Inside the Earthwork Wayside Exhibit
Inscription.
An Unanswered Question
Was there a blockhouse at the Boonesboro earthwork? Because no written records have been found only intensive archaeological investigation can answer that question. However, Captain Thomas Brooks' recommendation specifically called for "...an enclosed earthwork, surrounded by an abattis and enclosing a blockhouse...." If Brooks' plan was carried out, a blockhouse was built at Boonesboro. In all likelihood it was similar to those designed by Colonel William E. Merrill for the Kentucky Central Railroad.

Blockhouse Construction
The blockhouse would have occupied the entire interior of the earthwork. Merrill's blockhouses were flat-roofed rectangular log structures measuring about 18 x 25 feet. The floor was dirt. The roof was made of a layer of logs laid side by side and covered with dirt. On top of that was a roof of shingles, if they could be procured, or boards and battens.

Blockhouses were designed to house the garrison assigned to them. To this end, they were equipped with ventilators, water tanks and bunks. The only wall openings were the loopholes, which were just large enough to fire a rifle through. The interior would have been dark and stuffy, not the most pleasant of accommodations.
 
Erected by The Winchester/Clark
Inside the Earthwork Wayside Exhibit image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
2. Inside the Earthwork Wayside Exhibit
A railroad blockhouse built to Colonel William Merrill's specifications.
County Tourism Commission.
 
Location. 37° 53.352′ N, 84° 15.512′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Kentucky, in Clark County. Marker can be reached from Ford Road (Kentucky Route 1924) 1.2 miles south of Boonesboro Road (Kentucky Route 627), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. The exhibit can be reached from the trailhead parking area on KY Route 1924. It is a ½ mile hike up the trail to the top of the hill where the fort is. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1250 Ford Road, Winchester KY 40391, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Building the Earthwork (a few steps from this marker); Thomas B. Brooks, Army Engineer (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Defensive Strategy (about 300 feet away); An Unrealized Plan (about 300 feet away); Common Cliffside Plants (about 400 feet away); Rock and Man (about 500 feet away); The Eye of the Rich Land (about 500 feet away); The Quest for Land (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. CAUTION: The climb up the hill is VERY steep. It involves a change in elevation of 230 feet. Not recommended for people that are not in good physical shape or condition.
 
Also see . . .
Colonel William Merrill's Blockhouse Design image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
3. Colonel William Merrill's Blockhouse Design
Side view of blockhouse
 Civil War Fort at Boonesboro. (Submitted on June 19, 2014.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Col. William E. Merrill image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
4. Col. William E. Merrill
Colonel William E. Merrill designed the blockhouses constructed on the Kentucky Central Railroad. He later improved his design for use on the railroads in Tennessee. After the Civil War, Merrill, a career army engineer, worked to improve river navigation.
Blockhouse Seen from Above image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
5. Blockhouse Seen from Above
The Fort at Boonesborough image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
6. The Fort at Boonesborough
The marker can be seen just slightly left of center.
Parking Area at the Trailhead image. Click for full size.
By Karl Stelly, June 1, 2014
7. Parking Area at the Trailhead
This is the parking area at the trailhead at the base of the hill below the earthwork.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 261 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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