Adamsville In The Civil War
The Road to Shiloh
—Battle of Shiloh —
After the February 1862 Union victories at Forts Henry and Donelson, Gen. Don Carlos Buell’s army occupied Nashville while Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army penetrated to Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Buell and Grant planned to attack the rail center of Corinth, Mississippi, but on April 6, Confederate Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston struck first. The Battle of Shiloh was a near Confederate victory the first day, although Johnston was killed. On the second day, Grant’s counterattack succeeded, and the Confederates retreated to Corinth. Shiloh was the war’s bloodiest battle to date, with almost 24,000 killed, wounded or missing.
By early in March 1862, after Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant moved his army to southern Tennessee, three units of Federal troops under Gen. Lewis “Lew” Wallace were stationed at Adamsville, Stoney Lonesome, and Crump’s Landing. Wallace gained a reputation for fairness even among local Confederate supporters as he purchased fodder and supplies for his forces.
On April 1, Lt. Charles H. Murray, 5th Ohio Cavalry, reported to Wallace that a skirmish near Adamsville went badly for the Federals when his small detachment suffered “a rapid and severe fire from (Confederate) double-barreled shot-guns. This our men returned with spirit, nor did a man flinch until they had emptied their carbines
The troops here took part in Wallace’s frustrated attempts to reach the Shiloh battlefield on April 6. His orders were confusing and the roads were difficult. Wallace’s command did not arrive until 7 p.m., and his alleged “dilatoriness” was one of the war’s early controversies. However, his 11,000 men helped turn the tide in favor of the Union on April 7.
(Inscription under the photo in the lower left)
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant-Courtesy of Library of Congress (Inscription under the photo in the lower left)
Cavalry skirmishing with rifles-Courtesy Library of Congress.
(Inscription in the photo in the upper center)
Adamsville, with Bethel Springs-Purdy-Adamsville stage road, 1920—Courtesy Bill Wagoner
(Inscription next to the photo in the lower right
Gen. Lew Wallace-Courtesy Library of Congress.
Side bar-(next to Wallace photo)
In 1864, at the Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, Gen. Lew Wallace stalled the advance of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early on Washington, D.C., buying time to strengthen the capital’s defenses. After the war, Wallace was governor of the New Mexico Territory, temporarily pardoned Billy the Kid, and wrote the famous novel Ben Hur.
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 14.148′ N, 88° 23.706′ W. Marker is in Adamsville, Tennessee, in McNairy County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street and Baptist Street on West Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Adamsville TN 38310, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Approach to Shiloh (approx. half a mile away); Buford Pusser Memorial Park (approx. 0.8 miles away); a different marker also named Approach to Shiloh (approx. 2 miles away); Buford Hayse Pusser (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named Approach to Shiloh (approx. 5.8 miles away); Whittlesey's Brigade (approx. 6.4 miles away); Thayer's Brigade (approx. 6.4 miles away); Brewer's Battalion (approx. 6.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Adamsville.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 431 times since then and 49 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.