Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Collinsville in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Grand Plaza

Heart of the City

 
 
Grand Plaza Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
1. Grand Plaza Marker
Inscription. The heart of Cahokia was the Grand Plaza situated between Monks Mound and the Twin Mounds. Archaeological testing has confirmed that the plaza was, in part, artificially created by filling in low areas and reducing high points to create a flat, prepared surface. It was here that public gatherings, markets and festivals would take place and the chief could address the assembled masses from Monks Mound.


(Upper Left Illustration Caption)
Spider motif on a shell gorget

(Middle Left Illustration Caption)
A view of central Cahokia, looking north between the Twin Mounds, across the Grand Plaza to Monks Mound. In the plaza is a chunkey field and traders’ shelters can be seen along the plaza’s edge, in front of the homes of the elite.

(Upper Central Illustration Caption)
View of daily life and activities in and around the Grand Plaza

(Lower Central Images and Illustration Caption)
The Game of chunkey, as it was called by Southeastern Indians, was apparently popular at Cahokia. Many chunkey stones, or discoidals, have been found here, such as this one from Mound 72 (left). The game was played by two men; one would roll the stone then both would throw lances or markers to where they thought the chunkey would stop rolling (above). A stone effigy pipe
Central Cahokia image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
2. Central Cahokia
View to north between Twin Mounds with Monks Mound in background
Close-up of illustration on marker
(right) from Oklahoma depicts a player preparing to roll a chunkey stone.

(Upper Central Map Caption(
The 40-acre Grand Plaza was bordered on the north by Monks Mound and on the south by the Twin Mounds (59 & 60). Mounds 49 and 56 are located within the Plaza, mounds 51, 50, 54, and 55 mark the east side, and mounds 48 and 57 mark the western limits.

(Lower Central Map Caption)
Major plazas were located north, south, east and west of Monks Mound, and smaller plazas and courtyards were found throughout the city.
 
Erected by Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
 
Location. 38° 39.331′ N, 90° 3.636′ W. Marker is near Collinsville, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Ramey Street 0.2 miles south of Collinsville Road. Click for map. Marker is located in Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site west of the Interpretive Center; the above directions are to the Interpretive Center. Marker is in this post office area: Collinsville IL 62234, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Monks Mound (approx. ¼ mile away); Cahokia (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stockade (approx. 0.4 miles away); Woodhenge
The Grand Plaza image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
3. The Grand Plaza
Close-up of map on marker
(approx. 0.8 miles away); Lewis and Clark and St. Louis Riverfront (approx. 6.8 miles away in Missouri); La Grande Rue (approx. 6.8 miles away in Missouri); Old Mission Hotel (approx. 6.8 miles away in Missouri); Old Judge Coffee Bldg. (approx. 6.9 miles away in Missouri). Click for a list of all markers in Collinsville.
 
Also see . . .  Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Official website of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. (Submitted on June 28, 2014.) 
 
Categories. Man-Made FeaturesNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Location of Major Plazas image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
4. Location of Major Plazas
Close-up of map on marker
Grand Plaza Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
5. Grand Plaza Marker
Located west of Cahokia Mounds Interpretive Center
Grand Plaza Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
6. Grand Plaza Marker
View to north with Mound 55 in background
The Grand Plaza image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
7. The Grand Plaza
View to northwest with Monks Mound in background
The Grand Plaza and the Twin Mounds image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 15, 2014
8. The Grand Plaza and the Twin Mounds
View to south from top of Monks Mound
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 258 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement