Near St. Peter in Nicollet County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Exploring the River Valley
The mapmaker was Joseph Nicollet, a French astronomer and cartographer who led two government-sponsored expeditions into what is now Minnesota and North and South Dakota in 1838 and 1839. His guide was Joseph Laframboise, a Métis (mixed-blood) fur trader. Laframboise was married to a daughter of Ish-Tak-Ha-Ba (Sleepy Eye), leader of the Swan Lake band of the Sisseton Dakota. Nicollet spent considerable time in the Swan Lake area and wrote about the Dakota in his journal.
Learning from the Dakota
Nicollet depended on the Dakota for much geographical information. In his 1887 memoir, Nicollet's assistant John C. Frémont recalled seeing him "surrounded by" Dakota people and, "with the aid of the interpreter, getting them to lay out the form of the lake and the course of the streams entering the river nearby, and after repeating pronunciations, entering their names in his notebook."
Traverse des Sioux
Erected by the Minnesota Historical Society.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Minnesota Historical Society marker series.
Location. Click for map. Marker is near the end of an interpretive trail that is adjacent to the Nicollet County Historical Society Treaty Site History Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1851 North Minnesota Avenue, Saint Peter MN 56082, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fur Trader Louis Provencalle (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); A River Crossroad (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Old French Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux (approx. 0.2 miles away); Treaty of Traverse des Sioux Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Rush for Land (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ministering to the Dakota (approx. ¼ mile away); Ecakensdonyapi (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Peter.
More about this marker. captions:
• Sketch of Great Swan Lake, 1839, Joseph Nicollet Papers, Library of Congress
• Portrait of Joseph Nicollet, 1836
Also see . . . Traverse des Sioux. History. Minnesota Historical Society. (Submitted on July 2, 2014.)
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 189 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.