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Spring Hill in Maury County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Battle of Spring Hill

The Great Escape

 
 
The Battle of Spring Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 23, 2014
1. The Battle of Spring Hill Marker
Inscription. By 3 p.m. on November 29, 1864, Union Gen. John M. Schofield realized that his command was in great danger. The bulk of his army was posted near Columbia, Tennessee, while Confederates Gen. John Bell Hood’s troops were north of him, approaching the Columbia Turnpike near Spring Hill. To prevent being cut off from the rest of the Federal army at Nashville, Schofield moved northward. At about nightfall, the leading elements of his army were approaching Spring Hill.

Gen. Thomas H. Ruger’s division led Schofield’s column and soon passed to the north, moving right past the Confederate troops camped here. Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox’s division followed and next came Gen. Thomas J. Wood’s division. As these troops passed, they saw the shimmering lights of thousands of Southern campfires in the fields around you. The hours ticked by. At about 1 a.m., Gen. Nathan Kimball’s division marched north and also slipped away. Finally, at about 5 a. m., Gen. George D Wagner’s division, which had arrived at Spring Hill about noon on November 29 and helped fend off Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s movement toward the turnpike, began to withdraw and move north toward Franklin. Five relatively vulnerable Federal divisions had just marched directly past Hood’s Confederates in perhaps the greatest escape in the history of the war.

“We came
The Battle of Spring Hill image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 23, 2014
2. The Battle of Spring Hill
within plain view of Hood’s army as they were in bivouac to our right, not more than half a mile. They had thousands of fires burning brightly…It was a rare and grand spectacle.”
— Pvt. Tillman Stevens, 124th Indiana Infantry, USA

(captions)
(upper left) With Federal soldiers marching directly past a campfire-lit Confederate camp near Spring Hill, the scene must have looked very much like this Edwin Forbes drawing, made somewhere in the eastern theater. Courtesy Library of Congress
(lower left) Gen. John Bell Hood, left, and Gen. John McAllister Schofield both graduated from West Point in 1853. They began the war on opposite sides as lieutenant and captain, respectively, but both were generals within a year. Both compiled impressive war records and marched to Spring Hill as experienced commanders. Within one month, Hood was relieved at his own request while Schofield continued his rise to the very top of the postwar army.— Both images courtesy Library of Congress
(lower right) As Union Gen. William T. Sherman left Atlanta and marched to the sea, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood, joined by renowned Confederate cavalryman Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, moved toward Middle Tennessee. Here, at Spring Hill, Hood lost the opportunity to cut off Gen. John M. Schofield’s forces from Union troops at Nashville under
The Battle of Spring Hill image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 23, 2014
3. The Battle of Spring Hill
Gens. Andrew J. Smith and George H. Thomas.
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 43.921′ N, 86° 57.177′ W. Marker is in Spring Hill, Tennessee, in Maury County. Marker can be reached from Main Street (U.S. 31) half a mile south of Saturn Parkway, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. The marker is located on the entrance road to the Rippavilla Plantation. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5700 Main Street, Spring Hill TN 37174, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Confederate Movements After Sunset (within shouting distance of this marker); Schofield's Retreat (within shouting distance of this marker); Rippavilla Plantation (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Spring Hill (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Spring Hill (approx. 0.2 miles away); Billy Direct (approx. 0.6 miles away); Cleburne's Pursuit (approx. 1.3 miles away); Confederate Deployment (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Spring Hill.
 
Also see . . .
Spring Hill Battlefield: Rippavilla image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 23, 2014
4. Spring Hill Battlefield: Rippavilla
November 29, 1864-Hood's Tennessee Campaign, September 18-December 27, 1864-Civil War Trust-Saving America's Civil War Battlefields.
 Rippavilla Plantation. (Submitted on July 5, 2014.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Close up of map shown on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 23, 2014
5. Close up of map shown on the marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 376 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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