“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Winchester in Franklin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Tullahoma Campaign

June 24-July 4, 1863


—Anatomy of a Campaign —

Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
1. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Inscription. In late June of 1863, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans launched a massive offensive from his base in Murfreesboro in an attempt to drive Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s 43,000-man Army of Tennessee from its entrenchments at Shelbyville and Wartrace, and possibly out of the state. The Union commander planned to capture Chattanooga and, in his words, “rescue loyal East Tennessee from the hands of the rebels.” The campaign was bold and swift, with relatively few engagements. By July 4th, the Union’s Army of the Cumberland, 70,000 strong, had forced a Confederate retreat to Chattanooga, leaving nearly all of Tennessee in Union hands.

Advance to Manchester
To maneuver Bragg out of the Shelbyville trenches, Rosecrans divided his army into four independent columns.

The first column advanced south from Murfreesboro, down what is today US 231, to threaten the main Confederate infantry at Shelbyville. The second moved south, through Liberty Gap. The third column marched southeast, down the Manchester Pike (US 41), the main road to Chattanooga. A fourth column advanced due east along the McMinnville Turnpike (US 70) before turning south to cross the Highland Rim below Bradyville, at Gillie’s Gap.

By June 28th, the bulk of Rosecrans’ army was in Manchester. The Union
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
2. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
also held Shelbyville and Bragg’s entrenched lines. Rosecrans then began his push on to Tullahoma. Only rain and the poor conditions of the roads slowed the Union advance.

Bragg crossed the Elk River at Allisonia on June 30 and began a general retreat, establishing a brief headquarters at Dechard before moving up the Cumberland Plateau with Joe Wheeler’s cavalry covering the rear. Bragg bypasses Winchester in an attempt to escape Rosecrans’ constant pressure. Rosecrans will make Winchester his headquarters on July 4th.

(upper right) Confederate General Braxton Bragg; Union Major General William S. Rosecrans
(lower left) Confederate Major General Joseph Wheeler

1860 Lincoln Elected Nov 6 • South Carolina Secedes December 20

1861 Fort Sumter Attacked April 12 • First Manassas July 21

1862 Shiloh April 1-7 • Second Manassas August 29-30 • Antietam September 11 • Fredericksburg December 13 • Stones River December 31-January 3

1863 Chancellorsville May 1-4 • Vicksburg May 20-July 4 • Tullahoma Campaign June 24-July 4 • Gettysburg July 1-3 • Chickamauga September 19-20 • Chattanooga November 23-25

1864 Cold Harbor June 3 • Atlanta September 2 • Franklin November 30 • Nashville December 15-16

1865 Petersburg
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
3. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
April 2 • Lee Surrenders April 9 • Johnston Surrenders April 16 • Forrest Surrenders May 9
Erected by Tennessee's Backroads Heritage.
Location. 35° 11.279′ N, 86° 6.57′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Tennessee, in Franklin County. Marker is at the intersection of Bluff Street and Dinah Shore Boulevard (Tennessee Route 50), on the right when traveling north on Bluff Street. Click for map. The marker is attached to the wall of the Franklin County Old Jail Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 400 Dinah Shore Blvd, Winchester TN 37398, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Tullahoma Campaign (here, next to this marker); Colonel James Lewis (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mary Sharp College (approx. 0.2 miles away); Secession (approx. 0.2 miles away); James Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); In Memory of Our Franklin County War Dead (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Mary Sharp College (approx. 0.2 miles away); Winchester's Civil War Sites (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
Also see . . .
1. Tennessee's Backroads. (Submitted on July 12, 2014.)
2. Old Jail Museum. (Submitted on July 12, 2014.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
4. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 246 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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