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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Niagara Falls in Niagara County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation

 
 
Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
1. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
Inscription. In 1805, New York State sold the land around the falls, and mills and other businesses that used the Niagara river for power were established. These industries provided the local community with needed services, helping the area to prosper. When the Erie Canal opened in 1825, it provided a direct route across the state and greater access to goods and services. As a result, the community around the falls grew, and the area adjacent to the falls became plagued by industrial and commercial blight.

The development around the falls angered many people. Between 1869 and 1885, the "Free Niagara Movement" worked to rid the falls and adjacent areas of excessive industry and commercialism and create a park that would allow visitors to view the falls in their natural splendor. On July 15, 1885, the "State Reservation at Niagara" was dedicated. Over 75,000 people gathered to celebrate with marching bands, military units, orations, and fireworks. Thomas V. Welch, who led a citizen writing campaign to save the falls, became the park's first superintendent.

Niagara Reservation, the oldest state park in the United States, is now known as Niagara Falls State Park. Although the park has evolved over time to meet visitor needs, the public's desire to maintain the park's natural beauty has not changed. Nowhere in the country, perhaps in the world,

Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
2. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
View from Prospect Street.
can visitors enjoy so diverse an array of experiences in so accessible a space - spectacular scenic views, thunderous cataracts, mesmerizing rapids, micro-climates, geological processes, distinctive flora, and a designed landscape that is a celebrated work of American genius.

Industrial blight along the upper and lower American rapids.

Marching unit at park opening.

Thomas V. Welsh.

The Waterfalls of Niagara by R. Hancock. Published on May 17, 1794, by Laurie & Whittle, London.

During his 1869 visit to Niagara Falls, Frederick Law Olmsted became aware of the industrial threat to Niagara's natural beauty. He developed a plan to preserve this scenic wonder for the public that culminated in the establishment of the State Reservation at Niagara.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 43° 5.161′ N, 79° 3.899′ W. Marker is in Niagara Falls, New York, in Niagara County. Marker is at the intersection of Prospect Street and Old Falls Street, on the left when traveling north on Prospect Street. Click for map. The Robert Moses Parkway from I-190 ultimately dumps traffic onto Prospect Street, which is one-way. Marker is in this post office area: Niagara Falls NY 14303, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers

Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
3. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
View from Old Falls Street.
are within walking distance of this marker. Town of Niagara Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Niagara County Medal of Honor Monument (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Height, Sight, and Flight / The Niagara River Corridor Important Bird Area (about 800 feet away); The Power of the American Rapids (approx. 0.2 miles away); The First People to See the Falls (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hennepin View (approx. 0.2 miles away); Prospect Point Viewing Area (approx. 0.2 miles away); Replica of the Statue of Liberty (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Niagara Falls.
 
Also see . . .
1. Niagara Falls State Park - New York State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation. (Submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
2. Niagara Falls State Park - Wikipedia. The Niagara Reservation, now named Niagara Falls State Park, was declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1963. (Submitted on December 8, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.) 

3. Thomas Vincent Welch - Wikipedia. There is a marker for him in the database at his mansion. (Submitted on August 30, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.) 
 
Categories. Environment
 
Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
4. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
Marker and right entrance pillar.
Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
5. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
Left pillar.
Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
6. Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation Marker
Dedication on pillars.
National Historic Landmark Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, August 26, 2015
7. National Historic Landmark Plaque
Plaque is located at a gazebo on Prospect Street, south of the marker, around a bend in the street; 43.08473N, 79.064001W
Landmark Plaque at Gazebo image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, August 26, 2015
8. Landmark Plaque at Gazebo
Landmark Plaque & Prospect Street image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, August 26, 2015
9. Landmark Plaque & Prospect Street
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 234 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.   7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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