Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oswego in Oswego County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Open Water = Winter Birds

Ducks, Gulls, and Predators

 

—Natural History —

 
Open Water = Winter Birds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 10, 2014
1. Open Water = Winter Birds Marker
Inscription. Food and Shelter
The mouth of the river and harbor provide waterfowl and waterbirds an environment sheltered from the winter gales of Lake Ontario. The breakwalls serve as resting places for the gulls where any approaching predator may be quickly detected, while at the river's mouth, shielded from the storm waves, diving ducks harvest food.

The large flocks present provide enhanced opportunities for social interactions among individuals to aid them in finding mates for the summer. For these birds it is a winter vacation spot, a safe place to prepare for the next breeding season.

Courtship
By mid-January courtship begins in many ducks. Warm sunny days trigger courtship rituals among male ducks. Several male Common Goldeneye may display for a single female, each one trying to impress her more than his rivals. With heads pumping back and forth.

Opportunity
The large flocks of gulls and waterfowl found here attract predators, including Bald Eagle and Snowy Owl. An adult Bald Eagle will flush a flock of ducks, then hover over any sick or injured bird. The weak bird will dive repeatedly until exhausted, when it is plucked from the water by the waiting eagle. The predators provide a service to the prey species by removing sick birds and limiting
Open Water = Winter Birds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 10, 2014
2. Open Water = Winter Birds Marker
View of historical marker in foreground and Oswego harbor in the background.
the spread of disease, while these magnificent birds of prey are sustained through the winter to migrate and breed again.

Gulls
There are four species of common gulls here; Great Black-backed, Herring, Ring-billed and Bonaparte's. As the Bonaparte's depart in early winter, rare Arctic gulls including Glaucous and Iceland Gull arrive. These birds have pure white immature plumages and adults lack black wing tips. Gulls often steal food from diving ducks. Large species, such as Glaucous and Great Black-backed, may take small waterfowl and gulls.

Ducks
Diving ducks such as Common Goldeneye, Bufflehead, greater Scaup and Long-tailed Duck predominate amongst wintering waterfowl flocks. Dabblers including Mallard, American Black Duck and Gadwall occur, but the fast running river water and the deep harbor are better diving duck habitat. Ducks that can dive to depths of 20 or more meters find that food is readily available.
 
Erected by Great Lakes Seaway Trail.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway marker series.
 
Location. 43° 27.729′ N, 76° 31.195′ W. Marker is in Oswego, New York, in Oswego County. Marker is at the intersection of Lake
Open Water = Winter Birds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 10, 2014
3. Open Water = Winter Birds Marker
View that is displayed on the historical marker of Oswego Harbor, showing the various habitat locations of the wintering birds.
Street and Montcalm Street, on the left when traveling east on Lake Street. Click for map. This historical marker is one of three panels of information prepared by the Great Lakes Seaway Trails, and located on the high ground, in a small roadside park, overlooking Lake Ontario, along the north side of Lake Street. Marker is in this post office area: Oswego NY 13126, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wreck of the David W. Mills (a few steps from this marker); Oswego West Side Forts (a few steps from this marker); Oswego Harbor West Pierhead Lighthouse (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort George (about 800 feet away); Fort Oswego (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Oswego (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Ontario (approx. 0.6 miles away); Prideaux's Campaign (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Oswego.
 
Categories. Animals
 
Open Water = Winter Birds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 10, 2014
4. Open Water = Winter Birds Marker
View of the historical marker's location, seen at the far right of these three Seaway Trail panels.
Open Water = Winter Birds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 10, 2014
5. Open Water = Winter Birds Marker
View looking east along West Lake Street, from the site of the historical marker, down into the Oswego River Valley.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 209 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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