“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cashiers in Jackson County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Zachary-Tolbert House

A Family Divided

Zachary-Tolbert House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 26, 2014
1. Zachary-Tolbert House Marker
Inscription. The Zachary family of Cashiers symbolizes the divided loyalties of western North Carolinians. The builder of this house, Mordecai Zachery, had strong ties to the Confederacy, as did others in the area. Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton sent his family to his hunting lodge, located across the road for safety during the war. It burned to the ground in 1932. Zachary’s brother and near neighbor Alexander remained a Unionist. Too old to serve, Alexander Zachary gave aid and sympathy to Federal soldiers who escaped from Confederate prisons in South Carolina and made their way through the mountains to Union lines.

William H. Thomas, the noted politician, promoter of western North Carolina, and white Cherokee chief, was among the travelers on the Tuckasegee-Keowee Turnpike who stopped at Mordecai Zachary’s house. When the war began, Thomas enlisted white and Cherokee men for his Confederate unit, Thomas’s Legion. Zachary served in the Legion, according to his tombstone inscription.

Alexander Zachary’s sons served both sides during the war. Christopher Columbus Zachary enlisted in Co. F, 29th North Carolina Infantry, in the Confederate army. He rose to the rank of sergeant but later deserted and returned to western North Carolina. He then “rode with the Bushwhackers”—Union Col. George W. Kirk’s 3rd North Carolina
Zachary-Tolbert House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 26, 2014
2. Zachary-Tolbert House Marker
Mounted Infantry—that attacked Confederate units in the mountains. Another son, fourteen-year-old Thompson R. Zachary, guided a group of escaped Union officers through Cashiers Valley to the Federal lines in Knoxville, Tennessee, where they were photographed. Alexander Zachary remained in Cashiers after the war.

In 1873, Mordecai Zachary sold this house to former South Carolina congressman Armistead Burt, a leader in the secession movement before the war. Zachary moved to a farm near Cherokee in Swain County, next to Thomas’s property.

Mordecai Zachary constructed the Zachary-Tolbert House in the popular Greek Revival style about 1850. Zachary also built the original furniture, much of which remains in the house. Besides raising a family here with his wife, Elvira Keener, Zachary also boarded travelers on the Tuckasegee-Keowee Turnpike. The Tolbert family purchased the dwelling in 1909. Since 1998, the Cashiers Historical Society has owned and interpreted the house, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

(lower left) “Union Refugees in East Tennessee,” with T.R. Zachary in back row on right, from Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial History of the Civil War.
(upper center) William H. Thomas Courtesy North Carolina Office of Archives and History
Zachary-Tolbert House-Sign at the entrance image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 26, 2014
3. Zachary-Tolbert House-Sign at the entrance
right) Union bushwhackers attacking Confederate cavalrymen, engraving by Junius Henry Browne, 1865.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 5.505′ N, 83° 4.831′ W. Marker is in Cashiers, North Carolina, in Jackson County. Marker can be reached from North Carolina Route 107 0.2 miles south of Whiteside Cove Road (County Route 1107), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1940 NC 107, Cashiers NC 28717, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wade Hampton (approx. 1.9 miles away); Samuel T. Kelsey (approx. 7.1 miles away); Thomas Harbison (approx. 7.1 miles away); André Michaux (approx. 7.2 miles away); De Soto (approx. 7.3 miles away); Walhalla State Fish Hatchery (approx. 7.3 miles away in South Carolina); William R. Geddings Fish Culture House (approx. 7.4 miles away in South Carolina); Jocassee Town (approx. 12.1 miles away in South Carolina).
Categories. War, US Civil
Zachary-Tolbert House image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 26, 2014
4. Zachary-Tolbert House
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 205 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement