Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
St. Francis Xavier Church
Father Peter L. Miller formally founded the church in 1864 in a historical building on the corner of Calvert and Pleasant Streets. This structure, pictured below, once served as the First Universalist Church and later housed such historic meetings as the 1844 Whig nomination of Henry Clay, the 1848 Democratic nomination of General Cass, and an 1861 attempt to withdraw Maryland from the Union.
On December 10, 1871, the Josephite fathers, a religious community dedicated to working among blacks, took charge of the church. Subsequently the church founded several other parishes, including St. Monica's, St. Peter Claver, and Christ the King. One of the most notable members of St. Francis Xavier Church was Father Charles Randolph Uncles, the first black priest ordained in the U.S. Construction of the Orleans Street Viaduct forced the church to move to new quarters on Caroline Street in 1933. In 1968, the church moved to its present site. This church was designed in the French Renaissance style by John Stack and Sons in 1902.
Erected by the City of Baltimore.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland, Baltimore City historical markers marker series.
Location. 39° 18.433′ N, 76° 35.881′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is at the intersection of North Caroline Street and East Oliver Street, on the right when traveling north on North Caroline Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21213, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church (here, next to this marker); Green Mount Cemetery (approx. 0.6 miles away); Old East Baltimore (approx. 0.6 miles away); Young Martyrs (approx. 0.7 miles away); First Baptist Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Patapsco Friends Meeting House (approx. 0.8 miles away); William H. Welch House (approx. one mile away); Thomas Wildey Monument (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Baltimore.
Also see . . . St. Francis Xavier Church website.
Categories. • African Americans • Churches, Etc. •
Credits. This page originally submitted on May 3, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,765 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 3, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.