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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Dred Scott, 1700 - 1858

Freedom Denied by the United States Supreme Court

 
 
Dred Scott, 1700 - 1858 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 26, 2014
1. Dred Scott, 1700 - 1858 Marker
Inscription. Dred Scott was born a slave in Southampton, Virginia. His family was owned by Peter Blow who sold Scott to an army doctor named John Emerson. Dr. Demerson took Scott to live in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin where, in 1836, Scott married Harriet Robinson. The couple had two daughters and two sons, both of whom died in infancy.

In 1843, Scott, who now lived in the slave state of Missouri, attempted to buy his freedom from the widow of Dr. Emerson for $300. His bid for freedom was refused so, in 1847, Scott sued for it in the Missouri courts. After a long series of trials, lasting from 1847 until 1856, in both the Missouri and federal courts, the case went to the U.S. Supreme Court.

By a vote of 7-2, in a decision written by Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney, the court held that Scott, as a black man, was not a citizen and, therefore, did not have any rights of citizenship because the framers had not included any person of African descent as part of the original community of people covered by the Constitution. The decision also held that the Missouri Compromise, which limited slavery in the western territories, was unconstitutional.

Scott;s fight for freedom was supported by the sons of Peter Blow. After the Supreme Court decision, ownership of the Scotts was transferred to Taylor Blow, who emancipated them on May 26,

Maryland State House image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 26, 2014
2. Maryland State House
1857. Dred Scott died on September 17, 1858, nine months after gaining his freedom. Harriet Scott died in 1876.

Painting
Dred Scott
Louis Schultze (1820-1900)
Oil on canvas, 1882
Missouri History Museum, St. Louis
 
Location. 38° 58.717′ N, 76° 29.443′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is on State Circle. Click for map. Marker is on the East side of the State House. Marker is in this post office area: Annapolis MD 21401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Roger Brooke Taney (here, next to this marker); Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Tree (here, next to this marker); Roger Brooke Taney, 1777 - 1864 (here, next to this marker); General Washington (a few steps from this marker); Matthew Alexander Henson (a few steps from this marker); USS Maryland (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Mary's City Cannon (within shouting distance of this marker); Sacred to the Memory of Baron de Kalb (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Annapolis.
 
Also see . . .  Dred Scott's fight for freedom - PBS. (Submitted on July 26, 2014, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansNotable Persons

 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 341 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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