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Columbiana in Shelby County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Columbiana, Alabama

Shelby County Seat Since 1826

 
 
Columbiana, Alabama Marker (side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 14, 2014
1. Columbiana, Alabama Marker (side 1)
Inscription.
Side 1
Columbiana, originally called Columbia, was selected as the county seat of Shelby County in 1826 over rivals Calera and Montevallo. After the selection as the county seat, Columbiana celebrated by drilling holes in a large pine tree and packing it with gunpowder. The tree was blown up and the sound could be heard for miles. Later in 1826, the courthouse was moved to an old school building in Columbiana. An act of the Alabama Legislature officially changed the name of Shelby’s county seat to Columbiana on January 13, 1832. Columbiana was incorporated on December 5, 1837 with corporate limits one-quarter of a mile in each direction from the public square. In 1854, the decision was made to build a larger courthouse at the south end of “Silk Stocking Road,” now Main Street. From 1854 to 1908, several additions and changes were made to the courthouse.
(Continued on other side)
Side 2
(Continued from other side)
Moving the courthouse to Columbiana was not necessarily popular in 1826 and there have been numerous attempts to relocate the county seat over the years. In 1901, the Alabama Constitutional Convention addressed the issue by including Section 41 in the new State Constitution. Section 41 prohibited a move of the Shelby County
Columbiana, Alabama Marker (side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 14, 2014
2. Columbiana, Alabama Marker (side 2)
seat from Columbiana unless a vote of the people was held, the only county in Alabama with such a designation. To further solidify Columbiana’s claim to the county seat, in 1905 construction began two blocks north of the existing courthouse on a new marble courthouse at a cost of $300,000. The new courthouse was completed in 1908 and has been renovated and enlarged on a number of occasions. The new courthouse has served Shelby County for more than 100 years. The old courthouse is now home to the Shelby County Museum and Archives.
 
Erected 2010 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the City of Columbiana.
 
Location. 33° 10.64′ N, 86° 36.415′ W. Marker is in Columbiana, Alabama, in Shelby County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street (County Road 47) and Mildred Street, on the right when traveling north on North Main Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1854 North Main Street, Columbiana AL 35051, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Shelby Furnaces (here, next to this marker); Shelby County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Shelby County War Memorial (about 500 feet away, measured
Looking East towards marker & Mildred Street image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 14, 2014
3. Looking East towards marker & Mildred Street
in a direct line); Steam Engine (approx. 4.6 miles away); Machine Shop Smoke Stack (approx. 4.6 miles away); Calera & Shelby Railroad (approx. 4.6 miles away); Shelby Springs Confederate Cemetery (approx. 5.4 miles away); History of Wilsonville, Alabama (approx. 8.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Columbiana.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .  Encyclopedia of Alabama article. (Submitted on August 14, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
 
Old Shelby County Courthouse near marker. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 14, 2014
4. Old Shelby County Courthouse near marker.
Now Shelby County Museum & Archives.
Current Shelby County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 14, 2014
5. Current Shelby County Courthouse
At Main & Depot Streets.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 281 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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