Near Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Historic Plaques and Markers
document troop positions and
On August 19, 1890, the U.S. Congress established the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park for the purpose of "preserving and suitably marking for historical and professional military study the fields of some of the most remarkable maneuvers and most brilliant fighting in the war of the rebellion...."
The three park commissioners, all veterans of Chickamauga or Chattanooga, placed hundreds of cast-iron plaques and other markers on the battlefields in the early 1890s. Each plaque identifies the location of a particular army, corps, division, brigade, or artillery battery at a specific time. The plaques also describe military actions.
Hundreds of veterans contributed information for the plaques, and retraced their steps to determine the exact locations of their units. Today the plaques remain valuable tools for those who seek to understand in detail how these complex battles were fought.
To understand the information on the plaques and monuments, it helps to know troops were organized. This chart shows theoretically how many men were in each unit; however, most units here went into battle at half-strength or less.
Units were identified by numbers, states, or the names of commanders. For example, "35th Ohio Regiment" or "Longstreet's Corps."
Battery, A grouping of cannon, usually four or six.
Casualties, Soldiers wounded, killed, or missing in action. Those captured are sometimes included.
Enfilade, To fire at an enemy line from an angle rather than from the front. This type of fire was especially deadly.
Flank, The right or left end of a line of troops.
Oblique, A direction diagonal to the line of battle.
Skirmish, A fight between small numbers of troops. A minor or preliminary engagement.
Erected by Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.
Location. 34° 56.416′ N, 85° 15.588′ W. Marker is near Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker can be reached from Lafayette Road south of Post Road. Click for map. This historical marker is located in the national park that preserves the site of the Chickamauga Battlefield, along the western side of the LaFayette Road. This particular historical marker is situated very near the northern Lafayette Road entrance to the National Park, at the Visitor Center, being situated just to the right of the Visitor Center's parking lot entrance doorway. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battlefield Monuments (here, next to this marker); Field Artillery (a few steps from this marker); Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Chickamauga (within shouting distance of this marker); Turchin's Brigade. (within shouting distance of this marker); 88th Indiana Regiment Bridges' Illinois Battery (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Bridges' Illinois Battery (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 238 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.