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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Slave to Soldier

 
 
Slave to Soldier Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 9, 2014
1. Slave to Soldier Marker
To the right is a facimile illustration - "At Monocacy Junction, January 6, 1864, Grafton Burgee signed over his property - William "Samuel" Adams - for $300 (receipt below), enabling Adams to join the Union army and ultimately gain his freedom. Private Adams was assigned to Company D, 19th Regiment, United States Colored Troops for three years."

The background of the marker is a photograph captioned, "Although not recruited at Monocacy Junction, these members of the Provost Guard of the 107th Colored Infantry at Fort Corcoran near Washington, D.C. fought bravely as did the five Maryland U.S. Colored Regiments inducted here."
Inscription. On October 1, 1863, nine months after President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton advised Lincoln that it was a "military necessity in the State of Maryland... for enlisting all persons capable of bearing arms... without regard to color ...." A "colored troops" recruiting station was soon established at Monocacy Junction. Local slave owners received up to $300 for the enlistment of their slaves. Lincoln allowed slaves - who had their owner's consent or who had escaped from owners disloyal to the Union - to enlist in the army. In return the slaves were "forever thereafter... free."

Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letter, U.S., let him get an eagle on his button and musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, there is no power on earth that can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship.
Frederick Douglass, former slave, American abolitionist, author, orator, and statesman
 
Erected by Monocacy National Battlefield - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 39° 22.302′ N, 77° 23.477′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21703, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Slave to Soldier Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 2, 2014
2. Slave to Soldier Marker
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nick of Time (here, next to this marker); Commemoration (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment (about 500 feet away); Desperate Escape (approx. 0.2 miles away); Burning of the Bridge (approx. ¼ mile away); Monocacy National Battlefield (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named Monocacy National Battlefield (approx. 0.4 miles away); Gambrill Mill (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Frederick.
 
Also see . . .  Battle of Monocacy by Markers. (Submitted on August 31, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US Civil
 
107th Colored Infantry at Fort Corcoran image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 2, 2014
3. 107th Colored Infantry at Fort Corcoran
Although not recruited at Monocacy Junction, these members of the Provost Guard of the 107th Colored Infantry at Fort Corcoran near Washington, D.C. fought bravely as did the five Maryland U.S. Colored Regiments inducted here.
Close-up of photo on marker
Certificate image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 2, 2014
4. Certificate
At Monocacy Junction, January 6, 1864, Grafton Burgee signed over his property - William "Samuel" Adams - for $300 (receipt below), enabling Adams to join the Union army and ultimately gain his freedom. Private Adams was assigned to Company D, 19th Regiment, United States Colored Troops for three years.

19 South Street Balt.
Monocacy Frederick Co. MD          Jan 6th 1864
Slave in C D 19th Regt
         This Certifies that Samuel Adams (a slave for 30 years) Age 20 Height 5 ft 11 in. — Eyes Black Complexion Copper Hair Black The property of Grafton Burgee a resident of Frederick Co. Md. has this day been received a recruit of the service of the United States.

Witness Cd J.P. Creager,          Charles P Goodyear, Srgt
                                                    and Recruiting Officer.
Close-up of image on marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 363 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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