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Haymarket in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Haymarket During the War

Civilian Hardships

 
 
Haymarket During the War<br>Civilian Hardships Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 10, 2006
1. Haymarket During the War
Civilian Hardships Marker
Inscription. Throughout the Civil War, Haymarket and its residents endured the consequences of occupying an important geographical location. Marching armies passed through the town during the First and Second Battles of Manassas, the engagement at Thoroughfare Gap, the “Buckland Races,” and numerous other cavalry engagements. Confederate Gens. Robert E. Lee, Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, James Longstreet, J.E.B. Stuart, Joseph E. Johnston, and P.G.T. Beauregard, as well as U.S. Gens. George D. Bayard, James B. Ricketts, Henry E. Davies, and George A. Custer, all passed through here. Many young local men joined the Confederate cause, serving in the 8th and 17th Virginia Infantry Regiments. St. Paulís Episcopal Church (built in 1802) was used as a hospital after the First and Second Battles of Manassas, as well as during the measles epidemic that swept through the Confederate camps, west of the Mantissas Battlefield, in the Autumn of 1861.

At midnight on November 5, 1862, a few days after Confederate bushwhackers fired on U.S. troops nearby,
Close Up of Portraits of Generals from Marker image. Click for full size.
2. Close Up of Portraits of Generals from Marker
Federals under Gen. Adolph von Steinwehr burned the entire village. Only the McCormick house remained intact, and St. Paulís Church was a mere shell. More than 120 homeless townspeople took refuge at the church and nearby farms. Many residents left Haymarket for good. Of those who remained, one later wrote, “We endured cold and hardships but man aged to live through it and each year continued to improve our homes.” By the late 1860s, many new houses had been built. St. Paulís Church had been reconstructed within the original walls, and the town was reborn.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 48.737′ N, 77° 38.231′ W. Marker is in Haymarket, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on Washington Street (John Marshall Highway) (Virginia Route 55) west of Jefferson Street (Old Carolina Road), on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Haymarket VA 20169, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Two Markers Next to the Haymarket Museum image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 10, 2006
3. Two Markers Next to the Haymarket Museum
At least 10 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Haymarket During the Civil War (here, next to this marker); Colonial Roads (within shouting distance of this marker); Haymarket Post Office (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Paul's, Episcopal (approx. 0.2 miles away); Second Battle of Manassas (approx. 1.7 miles away); Campaign of Second Manassas (approx. 1.7 miles away); Bull Run Battlefields (approx. 1.7 miles away); Rock Fight (approx. 1.7 miles away); The Macrae School (approx. 1.7 miles away); The Shirley Cemetery (approx. 2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Haymarket.
 
Also see . . .  Buckland Races. (Submitted on December 16, 2006.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,804 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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