Dragoon in Cochise County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Dragoon Springs Stage Stop
Land of Legends
—Coronado National Forest —
The San Antonio and San Diego Mail Line began service across Arizona to the Pacific coast in July, 1857. Its route included a stop here near the Dragoon spring. The San Antonio Line was commonly known as the "Jackass Mail" because mules were used to pull the coaches, and passengers were packed on mule-back across the Colorado Desert.
The Overland Mail Bill was passed by Congress in 1857 to begin twice weekly mail service between St. Louis and San Francisco. Construction of this station, one of 200 along the 2700 mile route, began in August, 1858. It was marred by the massacre of September 8, 1858 when three of the Overland Company employees were killed by their workers.
The Dragoon Springs Station was a "swing" station used only for changing horses or mules. "Home" stations included a station master, cooks, and maintenance men. Mail service ended in March, 1861. The termination was brought about by the onset of the Civil War, increased Indian hostilities, and the faster Pony Express service which had begun in 1860. The route was moved north where it crossed Denver and Salt Lake City. During its two years of existence the Overland Mail Company had a great economic impact. It employed a large number of people and drew new settlers to Arizona.
This place continued to be a brief stopping point during and
The Stage Station is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Butterfield Overland Mail marker series.
Location. 31° 59.854′ N, 110° 1.352′ W. Marker is in Dragoon, Arizona, in Cochise County. Marker is on North Old Ranch Road. Click for map. To get here you take the Dragoon Road exit off of I-10. Following this road you will reach the town of Dragoon. Cross over the railroad tracks and the road curves to the left, but you will turn right off the paved road. Follow the dirt road for approximately 4.5 miles. You will see some Forest Service signs that will direct you to the site of the "Dragoon Springs/Butterfield Overland Mail Stage Station". From the parking area to the site is approximatlely .2 miles. Marker is in this post office area: Dragoon AZ 85609, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Confederate Graves at Dragoon Springs (within shouting distance of this marker); Council Rocks (approx. 5.3 miles away); Chief Cochise (approx. Mormon Battalion (approx. 13.4 miles away); Old Pearce Post Office (approx. 13.4 miles away).
Regarding Dragoon Springs Stage Stop. My "Project Proposal" has been accepted by National Forest Service Archeologist Bill Gillespie to replace the two erroneous interpretive markers at the station with three new interpretive markers. He has assigned to me the task of designing the markers.
This marker states the erroneous reason for the March 2, 1861, Congressional order to move the Overland Mail Company contract to the Central Trail. It was only for the reason of the impending Civil War and not because of Indian hostilities and competition from the Pony Express. The Pony Express did not exist in Arizona and when the Overland Mail Company contract was transferred to the Central trail, both services operated there for a while at the same time.
The station was used again by local stage companies again in mid-1867.
Also, this marker states that the graves are Confederate. Two are of the Butterfield employees.
The drawing of the stagecoach by Roscoe Conkling shown on the marker is also erroneous.
Additional information from the web can
http://azrebel.tripod.com/page21.html http://www.arizonaghosttowntrails.com/dragoonsprings.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Dragoon_Springs
— Submitted July 16, 2011, by James Nuti of Bisbee, Arizona.
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by James Nuti of Bisbee, Arizona. This page has been viewed 1,302 times since then and 181 times this year. Last updated on , by Gerald T. Ahnert of Syracuse, New York. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by James Nuti of Bisbee, Arizona. 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.