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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

31 King Street

ACCORD Freedom Trail

 
 
Freedom Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mrs. Shirley Williams-Galvin
1. Freedom Trail Marker
Inscription. The Ponce de Leon Shopping Center opened in 1955 as the first downtown shopping center in St. Augustine. It was designated by Morris Lapidus (1902-2001), Florida's most famous mid-twentieth century architect, and is the only example of his work in the Ancient City. It was anchored by a Woolworth's store on the west side (the door handles still say Woolworth's). On February 1, 1960, black college students in Greensboro, N.C. began a sit-in at their Woolworth's lunch counter to protest racial discrimination. Their example electrified the south, and just a few weeks later, students from Florida Memorial College in St. Augustine began sitting-in at this Woolworth's lunch counter.

In the summer of 1963, local black high school students sat-in here and were arrested. They refused when the judge wanted them to end their participation in the civil rights effort, and as a result spent the next six months in jail and reform school. The case of the St. Augustine Four--Audrey Nell Edwards, JoeAnn Anderson, Samuel White and Willie Carl Singleton--received national publicity as an example of injustice, and finally the governor and cabinet of Florida ordered them released in January 1964. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Jackie Robinson hailed the St. Augustine Four as heroes of the civil rights movement.

This Historical Marker
Woolworth's Department Store marker image. Click for full size.
By Mrs. Shirley Williams-Galvin
2. Woolworth's Department Store marker
Presented this 2nd Day of July, 2007 by: Northrop Grumman
 
Erected 2007 by The 40th Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc. (ACCORD).
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Florida, St. Augustine Freedom Trail marker series.
 
Location. 29° 53.53′ N, 81° 18.721′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker is on King Street (County Route 214) 0.1 miles west of A1A Scenic and Historic Costal Byway. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 31 King Street, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Trinity Parish Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Cast Iron Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); Nuestra Seņora de los Remedios (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Augustine Confederate Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Public Well (within shouting distance of this marker); Florida (within shouting distance of this marker); The St. Augustine Foot Soldiers Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Public Market Place (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Also see . . .  ACCORD Freedom Trail website. (Submitted on May 16, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
 
Additional keywords. The St. Augustine Freedom Trail
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsNotable EventsNotable Persons
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida. This page has been viewed 1,975 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on .   2. submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida. • Christopher Busta-Peck was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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