Niagara Falls in Niagara County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The First People to See the Falls
In the mid-17th century, the Senecas conquered the Neutrals. The Senecas were members of the Haudenosaunee (The People of the Longhouse), or Iroquois Confederation of Nations. By the beginning of the 18th century, the Iroquois were the most powerful Native Americans in the Great Lakes region.
The first Europeans to visit the area were French traders and missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1678, Father Louis Hennepin, a Recollet monk of the Franciscan order, visited the falls. When Hennepin returned to France, he described his experience and commissioned a painting of the falls and their surroundings.
The Iroquois Tree of Peace by Dren Lyons. Courtesy Onondaga Savings Bank.
[map] The Iroquois Confederation, ca. 1600.
Iroquois pictographs: Corn, Deer, Sing, Heron, Sadness, Wiseman, Bear, Bark sled, Happiness. Father Hennepin at Niagara Falls, a mural by Thomas Hart Benton, painted in 1861 is shown above. Courtesy of the New York Power Authority.
Father Louis Hennepin's expression
Niagara Falls, from Hennepin's New Discovery, first English edition, 1699.
Location. 43° 5.239′ N, 79° 4.075′ W. Marker is in Niagara Falls, New York, in Niagara County. Marker can be reached from Robert Moses Parkway. Click for map. Marker is in Niagara Falls State Park along the rim of the gorge between the Rainbow Bridge and the observation tower, a few steps from the Hennepin View marker. Marker is in this post office area: Niagara Falls NY 14303, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers Hennepin View (a few steps from this marker); Height, Sight, and Flight / The Niagara River Corridor Important Bird Area (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Prospect Point Viewing Area (about 400 feet away); The Falls View Bridges (about 600 feet away); Town of Niagara Civil War Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation (approx. 0.2 miles away); Bridges of Niagara (approx. 0.2 miles away); Niagara County Medal of Honor Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Niagara Falls.
Also see . . . Niagara Falls State Park - NY State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation. (Submitted on September 10, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
Categories. • Environment • Exploration • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 279 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.