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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Andrews in Charlotte County, New Brunswick — The Canadian Atlantic
 

St. Andrews Historic District

Arrondissement Historique de St. Andrews

 
 
St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
1. St. Andrews Historic District Marker
Click on image to enlarge.
Inscription. English
Founded by Loyalists in 1783, St. Andrews is a fine and rare surviving example of a Canadian town whose plan and character clearly reflect its 18th-century origins. The town retains the four key elements of a British colonial settlement of that period; a gridiron plan, provision for public spaces, well-defined sites for defensive works, and a common area surrounding the original townsite to provide a clear delineation between settled and non-settled area. St. Andrews is further distinguished by its fine collection of commercial and residential buildings spanning the town’s history, the majority of which feature design motifs inspired by British classicism. The earliest of these buildings date to the era of the founding of the town and are of wood construction with simple exterior testaments. As the local economy matured, new houses were more elaborately embellished, and the largest and most expensive were constructed of brick. The consistent use of classical architectural features, the retention of the original street layout, and the division of the town blocks into generously sized lots have resulted in a community with a distinctive appearance and a strong sense of place.

French
Fondée par les Loyaliste en 1783, St. Andrews constitue, par son plan et son caractère, l’une des rares villes du XVIIIᵉ
Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
2. Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker
Kennedy Hotel in 1881. Hotel Kennedy en 1881.
siècle qui sont aussi bien conservée au Canada. Elle possède toujours les quatre éléments-clés des établissements des colonies britanniques de l’époque : un plan en échiquier, des espaces publics, des ouvrages défensifs bien définis et des aires communes en périphérie séparant les zones habitées de celles no habitées. St. Andrews possède aussi de beaux édifices commerciaux et résidentiels, pour la plupart d’inspiration classique britannique. Les plus anciens, en bois et d’une grande simplicité extérieure, datent de la fondation de la ville. Au fur et à mesure que l’économie locale a prospéré, des maisons plus ornementées ont été construites, dont les plus grandes et les plus cossues étaient en brique. L’omnipresence du vocabulaire architectural classique, la préservation du tracé d’origine des rues et la division des îlots en terrains aux dimensions généreuses ont produit une communauté d’allure distinctive dégageant une atmosphère particulièrement remarquable.
 
Erected 1998 by Historic Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada.
 
Location. 45° 4.41′ N, 67° 3.162′ W. Marker is in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, in Charlotte County. Marker is on Water Street just from King Street, on the right when traveling east
Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
3. Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker
Greenock Church, designated a national historic site. L’église Greenrock, désigné lieu historique national.
. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 205 Water Street, St. Andrews, New Brunswick E5B 1B4, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lest We Forget (a few steps from this marker); St. Croix River (within shouting distance of this marker); The 200 Million Year Wait is Over! (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Task Force Afghanistan (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); War of 1812: Defending St. Andrews (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Blockhouse 101 (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Two hundred years and counting (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Welcome, Enjoy your visit! (approx. 0.8 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Andrews.
 
Also see . . .  Our History - St. Andrews by the Sea. Established in 1783 by Loyalists from Castine, Maine, St. Andrews is one of New Brunswick's oldest and most distinctive settlements. The original plat, now the nucleus of the modern town, is a neat rectangle half a mile deep and a mile long, laid out on a south facing hillside that slopes gently toward the harbour. It is a classic example of colonial town planning. (Submitted on September 23, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
 
Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
4. Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker
Charlotte County Courthouse, designated a national historic site. Palais de justice de comté de Charlotte, désigné lieu historique national.
St. Andrews Courthouse image. Click for full size.
circa 1920
5. St. Andrews Courthouse
Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
6. Detail from the St. Andrews Historic District Marker
View of Water Street around 1925. Vue de la rue Water vers 1925.
St. Andrews Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
7. St. Andrews Historic District Marker
<i>Kennedy's Hotel by the Sea, St. Andrews, N.B.</i> image. Click for full size.
circa 1910
8. Kennedy's Hotel by the Sea, St. Andrews, N.B.
The Kennedy Hotel today image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 10, 2014
9. The Kennedy Hotel today
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 225 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   5. submitted on .   6, 7. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   8. submitted on .   9. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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