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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Texas City in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Settlement Community

 
 
Settlement Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Samuel Collins III, September 27, 2014
1. Settlement Community Marker
Inscription. During Reconstruction former slaves founded a community known as the Settlement on land platted by Judge William J. Jones for purchase by freedmen. Prior to this, a number of cattlemen moved to this area with their slaves. During the Civil War, George Washington Butler was placed in charge of a containment camp and used slave labor from there to drive cattle for the Confederate Army. After the war ended, Butler continued in the cattle industry, hiring freedmen as Cowboys. Some of them lived in the community first known as Highland Tank.

The first settlers were Kneeland and Slyvia Britton,and Albert and Priscilla (Britton) Phillips. Calvin Bell, Thomas Britton and David Hobgood were area Cowboys and pioneers of the community. By 1870 the Rev. Israel S. Campbell helped begin a church; residents built a sanctuary and school the following year in a community called Campbellville for the Reverend. Pioneering families, however called it Settlement shortened from “Our Settlement,” declaring the importance of freedom and owning land.

The African American community prospered throughout the late 1800s. Many male residents worked on Butler Ranch or as farmers. Also, unique for the time, the community had a high literacy rate. By the early 1900s residents worked in railroad occupations and later in industry. In 1911,
Settlement Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Samuel Collins III, September 27, 2014
2. Settlement Community Marker
The marker is just inside the picket fence on the left in this view.
an interurban line came through the community, and Highland Station opened; the Settlement was known as Highlands and La Marque until it was incorporated into the city limits of Texas City in the 1950s. The community began to decline in the 1960s, when many young people left to work in an integrated society. However, rodeos and trail rides have been held as reminders of this once flourishing and self-sufficient community founded by African American Cowboys.
 
Erected 2007 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13958.)
 
Location. 29° 22.938′ N, 94° 58.634′ W. Marker is in Texas City, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker is at the intersection of South Bell Drive and Jackson Lane, on the right when traveling south on South Bell Drive. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 117 S Bell Dr, Texas City TX 77591, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. La Marque (approx. 0.7 miles away); Frank Bell Jr. (approx. one mile away); Paul's Union Church (approx. 1.9 miles away); Galilee Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 2.8 miles away); S.S. Grandcamp Anchor
Community celebration 2014 image. Click for full size.
By Samuel Collins III, September 27, 2014
3. Community celebration 2014
(approx. 3 miles away); Texas City Memorial Cemetery (approx. 3 miles away); Stringfellow Orchards (approx. 3.4 miles away); Texas City (approx. 3.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Texas City.
 
Also see . . .
1. Article about Settlement Community celebration. (Submitted on September 28, 2014, by Samuel Collins III of Hitchcock, Texas.)
2. More history of the area. (Submitted on September 28, 2014, by Samuel Collins III of Hitchcock, Texas.)
 
Categories. African AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Samuel Collins III of Hitchcock, Texas. This page has been viewed 318 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Samuel Collins III of Hitchcock, Texas.   2, 3. submitted on , by Samuel Collins III of Hitchcock, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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