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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Red House in Cattaraugus County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Outdoor Museum

 
 
Outdoor Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
1. Outdoor Museum Marker
Inscription. A foundation is all that remains of a pavillion-style, outdoor museum, built by Company 249 of the Civilian Conservation Corps (C.C.C.). It was one of the first C.C.C. projects completed in Allegany State Park.

Articles in the Salamanca Republican-Press announced the opening of the outdoor museum/zoo on October 1, 1933, describing the structure and some of its fascinating creatures. Concrete tanks in the center of the structure housed fish and turtles. Cages and other exhibits sat on walls or were hung from overhead supports.

Near the outdoor museum were a "snake pit" and a bear den; both still visible near the ruins. Since the outdoor museum was only open during the summer, captive animals were released back into the wild at season's end.

A popular postcard shows the north end of the museum as approached from the nature trail. The building was cleverly concealed by huge sugar maples and served as an exhibition place for local animals, rocks, insects and fungi.

The foundations and walls, to a height of 3 1/2 feet, are of vari-colored sandstone. The roof is supported on chestnut poles used as columns and knee-braced of the same material. The trusses are of chestnut and black cherry, while the whole is roofed with thick-butted shake shingles.

The rectangular museum is 25 feet wide and 40 feet long. In the

Outdoor Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
2. Outdoor Museum Marker
The marker is in the distance above the right staircase. These stairs are behind the Administration Building at the parking lot.
center is a series of pits with dry platforms and water in each, screened to accommodate animals requiring both types of environment.
Salamanca-Republican Press, September 30, 1933.

This photograph of the outdoor museum comes from a camp report for SP-19, the first of the C.C.C. Company 249's permanent camps.

Irving Knobloch, a National Park Service naturalist and later a professor of botany at the University of Michigan, was in charge of trail development projects undertaken by Company 249. A nature trail, now called Red Jacket Trail, was constructed near the outdoor museum.

"Cubby" and "Suzie" were the first to use the fenced bear den, which may have pre-dated the museum/zoo. The cubs were rescued after being separated from their mother by a forest fire in the Crick's Run area.

On opening day, the outdoor museum featured several animals, including a racoon, a skunk, a woodchuck, a porcupine, a chipmunk, five kinds of turtles, five kinds of snakes, toads, frogs and salamanders as well as special displays on nature.

Photographs of Outdoor Museum exhibits courtesy Buffalo Museum of Science.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps marker series.
 
Location. 42° 6.024′ N, 78° 45.013′ W. Marker is in Red House

Outdoor Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
3. Outdoor Museum Marker
Back of marker, viewing down the hillside to the back of the Administration Building and parking.
, New York, in Cattaraugus County. Marker can be reached from Allegany State Park Road. Click for map. Marker is in Allegany State Park on a path up the hillside behind the Administration Building in the Red House area of the park. Marker is in this post office area: Salamanca NY 14779, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Weather Station (here, next to this marker); Civilian Conservation Corps (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ski Jumping (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stoddard Hollow (approx. mile away); Fire Observation Stations: / Fire Tower is Reborn (approx. 3.1 miles away); Sweet Water Spring (approx. 3.3 miles away); From the Mountains of Afghanistan (approx. 4.1 miles away); Dedicated to Those from the Salamanca Area (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Red House.
 
More about this marker. A motor vehicle entrance fee to the park is typically required during regular business hours in season.
 
Also see . . .  Allegany State Park - New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Red House Area (Submitted on September 28, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.) 
 
Additional keywords. Civilian
Approaching the Outdoor Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
4. Approaching the Outdoor Museum Marker
Conservation Corp, Red Jacket Hiking Trail

 
Categories. AnimalsCharity & Public WorkEducationEnvironment
 
Outdoor Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
5. Outdoor Museum Marker
Outdoor Museum Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
6. Outdoor Museum Ruins
Outdoor Museum Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
7. Outdoor Museum Ruins
Outdoor Museum Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
8. Outdoor Museum Ruins
Outdoor Museum Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
9. Outdoor Museum Ruins
Outdoor Museum Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
10. Outdoor Museum Ruins
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 216 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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