“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Red House in Cattaraugus County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Weather Station

Weather Station Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
1. Weather Station Marker
Inscription. DeForrest A. Mattison, a park forest supervisor and unpaid observer for the U.S. Weather Bureau, set up the park's first weather station in September 1924. First located in the Quaker area, the station was moved to this site in 1929. In subsequent years, the park rangers, and most recently the park police, kept daily records of maximum and minimum temperatures and rainfall.

The wide, funnel-shaped top of the rain gauge collects precipitation. A smaller diameter inner tube concentrates precipitation to make it easier to measure. Two inches of rain translates as 0.2 in. of precipitation on the measuring scale.

Special thermometers record the maximum and minimum temperatures.

Equipment currently in use includes (from left to right) a rain gauge, max/min thermometers, and a barometer.

A July 8, 1998, microburst destroyed trees near Red Jacket trailhead. Note the lightning burn in the photograph at right.

Two severe windstorms, a tornado, and a microburst, occurred in the park during the 1990s. The August 28, 1990, tornado damaged the Cain Hollow Campground, destroyed 200 acres of forest on Mt. Onondaga, and flattened eight smaller stands of trees across the park's southern side. The July 1998 microburst uprooted or snapped many trees on Red House Lake dam, at the beach, and behind the Administration building.


Stairs to Weather Station Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
2. Stairs to Weather Station Marker
From the parking lot behind the Administration Building, climb these steep stone stairs and the marker is a dozen level paces to the right. In this picture, the marker is seen above the left staircase.
June 14, 1994, flash flood extensively damaged park roads, bridges, and recreation areas. Debris from numerous beaver ponds floated in Red House Lake.

A second flash flood in January 1996 damaged the boathouse so badly that it had to be moved to a new site.

Background image: A storm on January 19, 1996, began as heavy rain, totaling 1.61 inches. Temperatures in the 40s were recorded for the previous two days, with a high of 55F. on January 19. Water from the rain and melting snow overflowed from the ice-covered lake and creeks.

Hottest summer temperature 99F, 100F, and 101F. four days running in July 1936.
Hottest summer overall 1949.
Wettest summer 1972, hurricane Agnes, June 16-25.
Longest dry spell 23 days, July 1936.
Worst windstorm August 28, 1990, tornado.
Latest frost July 9, 1963.
Coldest winter temperature -36F. January 13, 1977.
Coldest winter overall Dec. 1976-Feb. 1977 (avg. 17.8F.)
Mildest winter overall Dec. 2001-Feb. 2002 (avg. 30.9F.).
*Highest annual snowfall 162 inches, 1978.
*Most snow in 24 hours 18 inches, December 25, 1978.
Driest winter (least precipitation) Dec. 1979-Feb. 1980.
*Official snow depth records from Bradford, Pennsylvania, weather station.
Location. 42° 6.024′ N, 78° 45.013′ 

Weather Station Marker and Equipment image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
3. Weather Station Marker and Equipment
W. Marker is in Red House, New York, in Cattaraugus County. Marker can be reached from Allegany State Park Road. Click for map. Marker is in Allegany State Park, Red House area, behind the Administration Building and up two flights of stone stairs from the parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Salamanca NY 14779, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Outdoor Museum (here, next to this marker); Civilian Conservation Corps (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ski Jumping (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stoddard Hollow (approx. mile away); Fire Observation Stations: / Fire Tower is Reborn (approx. 3.1 miles away); Sweet Water Spring (approx. 3.3 miles away); From the Mountains of Afghanistan (approx. 4.1 miles away); Dedicated to Those from the Salamanca Area (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Red House.
More about this marker. A motor vehicle entrance fee is typically required during regular business hours in season and on weekends.
Also see . . .  Allegany State Park - New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Red House area (Submitted on September 28, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.) 
Categories. DisastersEntertainment
Weather Station Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2014
4. Weather Station Marker
Reverse view towards the Administration Building.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 219 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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