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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chickamauga in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Real Rock of Chickamauga

Historic Chickamauga

 
 
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
1. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
Inscription. At the start of the war some of the Walker County men retained their Unionist sympathies, but Lincoln's announcement of an unconstitutional military invasion of the south to force the seceding states back into the Union caused most of them to quickly change their minds. Ten companies of infantry and one of cavalry were raised in Walker County for Confederate military service. Two of the first companies were raised at Crawfish Spring. These were promoted by James Clark Gordon, the son of James Gordon who built the well known Gordon-Lee house, and Jerome Henderson, the son of John Henderson who owned the nearby Henderson Plantation and stock farm.

Jerome Henderson as a student at Penfield College (now Mercer University), and he came home in June of 1861. Most of the young men in the local area were excited about the coming war, and eager to do their part. Henderson discussed the matter with his friend James Clark Gordon and they organized a barbeque at Crawfish Spring that attracted a large number of men from Walker and Catoosa Counties. The two of them then took turns speaking to the crowd, using the large rock that still exists by the entrance to the drive leading to the Gordon Lee House as a platform. Response was good, and two Confederate companies were formed. Henderson was elected Sergeant of his company, and rather than
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
2. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
View of the historical marker, just to the left of the "Real Rock of Chickamauga."
waiting to get in a Georgia regiment, they joined the 26th Tennessee Infantry. Sergeant Henderson was subsequently captured with his regiment at Fort Donelson and died in prison at Camp Douglas, Illinois.

James Clark Gordon was elected Captain of his company, and the unit became a part of the 36th Georgia Infantry Regiment, and they were assigned to the Army of Pensacola. The regiment took part in the defense of Fort McRee in Pensacola Harbor during the Battle of Pensacola on November 22-23, 1861.

Then on January 31, 1862, the regiment was re-organized and designated as the 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment, also called the 1st Georgia Infantry. Captain Gordon was elected to the rank of Major. In July of 1863, the regiment was assigned to the Army of Tennessee and for the rest of the war it took an active part in all the battles and campaigns of that unit. In the fight at Chickamauga, the regiment was commanded by Major James Clark Gordon. The regiment lost 46 % of the 181 men engaged at Chickamauga, and totaled 138 in December 1863.

Sometimes called the 2nd Sharpshooter Battalion, the regiment was field consolidated with the 66th Georgia Infantry in September 1864, but was still called the 1st Confederate. On April 9, 1865, it was consolidated with the 25th, 29th, 30th, and 66th Georgia Infantry Regiments and 1st Georgia Sharpshooter Battalion
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
3. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
A close up view of a photo that is displayed on the historical marker, showing Jerome Henderson, who was one of the major figures discussed in the marker's text.
and designated the First Georgia Sharpshooters Battalion. Most of the men, however, still called it the First Confederate. Only a handful of the men in the original company lived to the surrender in April 1865. Major Gordon led these home.
 
Location. 34° 52.236′ N, 85° 17.594′ W. Marker is in Chickamauga, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker is on Cove Road (Georgia Route 341) south of Gordon Street, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. This historical marker is located beside a large rock, that is partially exposed from the ground, just to the right (north) of the marker. The Historical marker is in the downtown area, in front of the grounds for the Gordon-Lee Mansion. Marker is at or near this postal address: 217 Cove Road, Chickamauga GA 30707, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hospitals, Right Wing, Union Army. (a few steps from this marker); Wheeler's Cavalry Corps (a few steps from this marker); American Indian Occupation of the Area (a few steps from this marker); Field Headquarters Army of the Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Crawfish Spring (within shouting distance of this marker); Georgia 3d Confederate Cavalry
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
4. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
A close up view of a photo that is displayed on the historical marker, showing James Clark Gordon, who was one of the major figures discussed in the marker's text.
(within shouting distance of this marker); North and South Reunited (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp George H. Thomas (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Chickamauga.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
5. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
A close up view of a photo that is displayed on the historical marker, showing the survivors of the First Confederate Infantry, in their later years, who were discussed in the marker's text.
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
6. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
A view of the historical marker situated near the front walkway entrance to the grounds of the Gordon-Lee Mansion.
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
7. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
View of the historical marker looking north along Cove Road.
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
8. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
View of the historical marker looking south along Cove Road.
The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
9. The Real Rock of Chickamauga Marker
View of the historical marker with the grounds of the Gordon-Lee Mansion in the background.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 413 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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