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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Halifax in Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Pier 21 / Le Quai 21

Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre

 

—War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre —

 
Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
1. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 Marker
Inscription. There are three plaques on this monument.

Pier 21 / Le Quai 21

English
This site witnessed the arrival of approximately one million immigrants, who have enriched the cultural mosaic of Canada. Opened in 1928, Pier 21 served as one of Canada’s principal reception centres for immigrants until it closed in 1971. It typifies the large, self-contained immigrant facilities that the Government of Canada had begun to establish at major ports near the turn of the 20th century. The staff at Pier 21 handled large volumes of immigrants rapidly, checking their citizenship and medical condition, and providing quarantine, detention, customs and social services.

French
Ce lieu a été témoin de l’arrivée d’environ un million d’immigrants, qui ont contribué à faire du Canada une riche mosaïque culturelle. Jusque’à sa fermeture en 1971, le quai 21 fut l’un des principaux postes d’accueil des immigrants du Canada. Ouvert en 1928, le complexe est représentatif des vastes installations créées par le gouvernement canadien dans les principaux portes au tournant du XXᵉ siècle pour assure l’admission rapide d’une multitude d’immigrants. Le quai 21 servait à diverses fins : examens médicaux, vérification des papiers, quarantaine, détention, hébergement temporaire, douane et services
Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
2. Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre Marker
sociaux.

Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre

English
In the decade immediately following the Second World War, Canada received about one and a quarter million immigrants from Europe. The newcomers consisted of dependents of returning Canadian service men, a people dislocated by the conflict and its aftermath in their homelands. Most of them arrived by sea, with Halifax serving as the major port of entry. Here, at Pier 21, reception facilities served the immigrants as the first point of contact with their new country. The successful integration of these new Canadians was at once a cause and a consequence of Canada’s postwar prosperity.

French
Au cours de la décennie qui suivit la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le Canada accueillit environs 1,25 million d’immigrants européens : les families de soldats canadiens tout d’abord, puis les personnes déplacées par le conflit et ses suites dans leur pays d’origine. Le plupart de ces immigrants, arrivés par bateau, débarquèrent à Halifax, et le centre d’accueil de quai 21 fut leur premier point de contact avec leur pays d’adoption. Le succès de leur integration à la société canadienne fut à la fois une cause et un effet de la prospérité que connut le Canada après la guerre.

War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre

English
Between
War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
3. War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre Marker
1942 and 1948 some 48,000 women, accompanied by 22,000 children, mostly from Great Britain, landed here at Pier 21 as wives of Canadian servicemen stationed abroad during the Second World War. The high number of these wartime romances prompted the federal government to provide the new spouses with transportation to Canada and information about their adopted country. Across Canada, war bride clubs helped the women adapt to new customs and surroundings. In the succeeding generations, the war brides collectively strengthened many Canadian’s emotional links with Britain.

French
De 1942 à 1948, quelque 48,000 épouses de militaires canadiens postés outre-mer au cours de la Seconde Guerre mondiale débarquèrent ici au quai 21. Venant pour la plupart de Grande-Bretagne, elles étaient accompagnées de 22,000 enfants. Le nombre de ces amours de guerre incita le gouvernement à offrir à ces femmes la traversée ainsi que de l’information sur leur pays d’adoption. Elles récurent en outre l’aide de cercles d’épouses de guerre pour s’adapter aux coutumes locales. À long terme, leur présence renforça les liens d’affection et d’amitié avec la Grande-Bretagne.
 
Erected 1999 by Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia.
 
Location. 44° 38.303′ N, 63° 33.921′ W. Marker
Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
4. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 Marker
is in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Halifax Regional Municipality. Marker is on Marginal Road. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1055 Marginal Road, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Passage to a New Beginning • Passage à un nouveau monde (here, next to this marker); Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Tall Ships Parade 2000 (approx. half a kilometer away); Charles Morris (approx. half a kilometer away); The Grand Dérangement (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); France and Canada (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Georges Island (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Canadian Corps of Commissionaires (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Halifax.
 
Also see . . .  Immigration - The Canadian Encyclopedia. The story of Canadian immigration is not one of orderly population growth; it has been and remains both a catalyst to Canadian economic development and a mirror of Canadian attitudes and values; it has often been unashamedly and economically self-serving and ethnically or racially biased. (Submitted on October 5, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Additional keywords. immigration
 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWar, World II
 
Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 14, 2014
5. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21
The marker is hidden behind the black SUV.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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