Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Lummus Park Historic District

Miami River Greenway

 
 
Lummus Park Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
By Marsha A. Matson, October 19, 2014
1. Lummus Park Historic District Marker
Inscription. This land on the north side of the Miami River was developed as a residential area soon after the City Park opened in 1909. Along NW 3rd and NW 4th Streets a mixture of single-family and multi-family structures were built that were made of strong Dade County pine. They were designed in architectural styles popular at that time, i.e., Frame or Masonry Vernacular using native elements, and Mediterranean Revival.

One of the first houses was that of Frank Gallat, a Miami jeweler. His Masonry Vernacular style home was built in 1913 at 453 NW 3rd Street. A year later he built the three-story Gallat Court Apartments at 431 NW 3rd Street. A four-story annex was added in 1918. The Gallat buildings became the Temple Court Apartments after the Scottish Rite Temple opened nearby.

The imposing three-story structure that introduces the area on NW North River Drive is the Scottish Rite Temple. The temple was built to house all the Masonic organizations in Miami. It is of Egyptian design (undoubtedly inspired by the 1922 discovery of King Tutankhamen's tomb) with elements of early art deco, and was created by the architectural firm of Kiehnel and Elliot. John B. Orr, a pioneer Miami contractor who donated his services, built it over two years. The Scottish Rite Temple was dedicated with much fanfare on March 12, 1924. During World
Scottish Rite Temple image. Click for full size.
By Marsha A. Matson, October 19, 2014
2. Scottish Rite Temple
Part of the Lummus Park Historic District
War II the US Army used it as an air raid shelter. It was completely restored after being damaged by Hurricane Andrew in 1992. In 2004 it joined Lummus Park and the houses and apartments along NW 3rd and NW 4th Streets to become the Lummus Park Historic District.

North of the historic district, near NW 5th Street, African Americans would board a ferry that went to Bear's Cut (today Viginia Key Beach). During Segregation, this was the only beach accessible to South Florida's African American community.

(cations)
Figure 1 Gallat Court Apartments, ca. 1919
Figure 2 The Scottisch Rite Temple, ca. 1920s
 
Erected by Trust for Public Land, City of Miami, Miami River Commission.
 
Location. 25° 46.66′ N, 80° 12.199′ W. Marker is in Miami, Florida, in Miami-Dade County. Marker is at the intersection of Northwest North River Drive and Northwest 4th Street, on the left when traveling north on Northwest North River Drive. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Miami FL 33128, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wagner Homestead (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Dallas and the William F. English Plantation Slave Quarters (about 600
The Scottish Rite Temple ca. 1920s image. Click for full size.
1920s
3. The Scottish Rite Temple ca. 1920s
Photo on the historic marker
feet away); Dade County (approx. 0.6 miles away); Gesu Catholic Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Tequesta (approx. 0.7 miles away); Menendez on Biscayne Bay (approx. 0.7 miles away); Great Miami Hurricane of 1926 (approx. 0.7 miles away but has been reported missing); The Tower of Snow (approx. 0.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Miami.
 
Categories. African AmericansChurches, Etc.Fraternal or Sororal OrganizationsWar, World II
 
Gallat Court Apartments ca. 1919 image. Click for full size.
circa 1919
4. Gallat Court Apartments ca. 1919
Photo on the historic marker
Trinity CME Church image. Click for full size.
By Marsha A. Matson, October 19, 2014
5. Trinity CME Church
The church is part of the Lummus Park Historic District.
Historic photo of Trinity CME Church image. Click for full size.
By Flickr.com, 1922
6. Historic photo of Trinity CME Church
Miami River at Lummus Park Historic District image. Click for full size.
By Marsha A. Matson, October 19, 2014
7. Miami River at Lummus Park Historic District
Site of ferry dock to Bear's Cut
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Marsha A. Matson of Palmetto Bay, Florida. This page has been viewed 253 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Marsha A. Matson of Palmetto Bay, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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