“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Annapolis Royal in Annapolis County, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic

Acadian Dykeland

Les terres endiguées des Acadiens

Acadian Dykeland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
1. Acadian Dykeland Marker
Captions (English / French): (top) Dyke at high tide. Une digue à marée haute.; Visit our exhibit to learn more about the Acadians at Port-Royal. / Ne manquez pas de visiter nos expositions pour en apprendre divagate sur les Acadiens de Port-Royal.; (bottom row) Acadian settlement along the Bay of Fundy. / Colonisation acadienne de long de la baie de Fundy.; Below, at the river’s edge, is a salt marsh which floods regularly when there are extra-high tides. Beyond the road, there is a bank along the river’s edge. That bank, a dyke, protects the land behind it from periodic flooding. / Plus bas, près de la rivière, se trouvé un marais salé qui est parfois inondé par des marées très hautes. De l’autre côté du chemin, il y a une sort de mur le long de la rive. Ce mur est en fait une digue qui protège le terrain, situé derriere contre les inondations occasionnelles.
Inscription. English
When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes.

The settlement spread up the Bay of Fundy to the Minas Basin and the Isthmus of Chignecto. Over generations, the French settlers developed their own cultural identity; they became the Acadian people. They dyked and cultivated salt marshes throughout this territory.

Lors de l’arrivée des Français à Port-Royal au début des années 1600, les rives de l’Annapolis sont bordées de marais salés côtiers. Dans les années 1630, les Français de Port-Royal commencent à assécher les marais en construisant des digues.

L’établissement des colons se fait le long de la baie de Fundy jusqu’au bassin des Mines et dans l’isthme de Chignectou. De générations en générations, ces colons français développent leur propre identité culturelle; ils deviennent des Acadiens. Ils endiguent puis cultivent les marais salés a la grandeur de ce territoire.
Erected by Parks Canada.
Location. 44° 44.444′ N, 65° 31.171′ W. Marker is in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia
Acadian Dykeland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
2. Acadian Dykeland Marker
, in Annapolis County. Marker can be reached from St. George Street just from St. Anthony Street, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 323 St. George Street, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia B0S, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jean Paul Mascarene (a few steps from this marker); Charles Fort / Le fort Charles (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Anne, a Bastioned Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Use of Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Samuel Vetch (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Flag Bastion (about 90 meters away); The Black Hole (about 90 meters away); Captures of Port Royal (about 120 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Annapolis Royal.
More about this marker. This marker is located on the grounds of Fort Anne National Historic Site.
Also see . . .  The Acadians and the Creation of the Dykeland 1680–1755. The Acadians are a people born in North America. Their identity is the result of the transformation of their individual European values as they came into contact with a new environment and new people. Their story begins with the French settlement of North America. (Submitted on November 2, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
Categories. AgricultureSettlements & Settlers
Acadian dykelands near Grand Pré image. Click for full size.
Image Courtesy of Tim Webster of Applied Geomatics Research Group
3. Acadian dykelands near Grand Pré
Click on the image to enlarge it.
How the Acadians reclaimed the land. image. Click for full size.
4. How the Acadians reclaimed the land.
The technology that the Acadians used to transform wetlands and marshes could not have been simpler: special spades, pitchforks, axes, and hollowed-out tree trunks. Much more important than the tools was the ingenuity of the people to read the natural drainage systems of the marshes and then to build dykes that channelled the flow of those creeks in only one direction, discharging into the sea. One element of the Acadians’ success was to use sod cut from the original wetlands in their earthen dykes.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 327 times since then and 110 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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