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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bellaire in Belmont County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Union Square and its Uses / The Question of Ownership

 
 
Union Square and its Uses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, November 2, 2014
1. Union Square and its Uses Marker
Inscription. Side 1
Union Square and Its Uses
Labeled "Union Square" on the first village maps, block 12 of the City of Bellaire was formed by joining portions of the Harris and Rodefer Farms in 1857. Used for tent shows, circuses, political meetings, and playing baseball, the land during the Civil War was used as a canteen for feeding Union recruits from nearby Camp Jefferson. Stonemasons cut sandstone blocks here that make up "Great Stone Viaduct" railroad bridge. A steam derrick and stable for horses that helped to move the sandstone to the bridge's construction site were also placed temporarily on this land. In 1882, a monument was erected to honor Civil War veterans as "Union Square" became a city park. Former President Theodore Roosevelt delivered a speech here to the citizens of Bellaire in 1912.

Side 2
The Question of Ownership
This square is a "union," or joining of portions of the Rodefer Farm on the north and the Harris Farm on the south. Colonel John H. Sullivan and Mr. John Heaton were the principal proprietors of these farms and set aside this parcel to entice the county seat to move here in 1857. The seat remained in St. Clairsville and the square remained unoccupied. During the next 15 years title to the square became clouded as its value appreciated. The city government claimed
The Question of Ownership Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, November 2, 2014
2. The Question of Ownership Marker
the land after Bellaire was incorporated in 1860, contrary to Sullivan and Heaton's claims. When Sullivan placed lumber here in March 1872 and announced his intention to construct a building, the city ordered the materials removed. Sullivan and Heaton sued and the case was eventually heard by the Ohio Supreme Court. The Court decided in January 1880 that the square was public land, from which the city created this beautiful park.
 
Erected 2010 by Village of Bellaire, Ohio and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 15-7.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 40° 1.007′ N, 80° 44.529′ W. Marker is in Bellaire, Ohio, in Belmont County. Marker is on Belmont Street 0.1 miles north of 34th Street, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located in Union Park. Marker is in this post office area: Bellaire OH 43906, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); World War I Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Willow Grove Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); Bellaire High School Clock Tower / Central School Clock Tower and Bell
Union Square and its Uses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, November 2, 2014
3. Union Square and its Uses Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel John H. Sullivan (within shouting distance of this marker); West Washington Street World War II Honor Roll (within shouting distance of this marker); War Memorial (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); World War II Memorial (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Bellaire.
 
Categories. PoliticsRailroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 
The Question of Ownership Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, November 2, 2014
4. The Question of Ownership Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 334 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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