“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Collins in Erie County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

“Taylor Tract”

“Taylor Tract” Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2014
1. “Taylor Tract” Marker
Inscription. Collins and Gowanda Correctional Facilities occupy the ormer 1898 Homeopathic Hospital site later renamed the Gowanda Psychiatric Center.

Collins Correctional Facility — 1982
Gowanda Correctional Facility — 1994
Location. 42° 29.355′ N, 78° 55.736′ W. Marker is near Collins, New York, in Erie County. Marker is on U.S. 62 south of Main Street (New York State Route 39), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Collins NY 14034, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Town of Perrysburg (approx. 4.3 miles away); Clarksburg (approx. 10.3 miles away); Everett R. Burmaster (approx. 10.6 miles away); Western New York (approx. 10.6 miles away); Amos Sottle (approx. 10.6 miles away); Col. Asa Warren (approx. 11.3 miles away); Hill's Corners (approx. 11.4 miles away); First Baptist Church (approx. 11.4 miles away).
Also see . . .  Escape to Utopia: Mental Illness, Veterans, and Gowanda State Hospital (1946–1952). 2006 thesis by Ursula Goldsmith. Excerpt: “In 1894 the state of New York took back the title to 200 acres of that tract to construct a state hospital as a refuge for the ‘insane.’ The first building was completed in 1898 at what was known as Gowanda State
“Taylor Tract” Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2014
2. “Taylor Tract” Marker
Homeopathic Hospital. About 100 buildings have been erected since 1898. Early on, the inhabitants built tunnels under the facility so as to be able to move patients easily from building to building during the winter. Progressive Era reformers believed that mental illness was the product of environmental factors and that it was preventable. If not treated it would become progressively worse. These beliefs gave rise to the Mental Hygiene Movement. The concept of mental hospitals in the 1930s meant for patients to be separated from society usually by a court order. Patients would then become part of a new utopian society where they could escape from the larger society and be able to contribute to their care by growing victory vegetable gardens, make wicker furniture, make various folk art, and take care of farm animals, and thus to return to a simpler life of a previous period that was basically totally agrarian.” (Submitted on November 16, 2014.) 
Categories. Science & Medicine
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 137 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photos of the hospital • Can you help?
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