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Ferryland in Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula), Newfoundland and Labrador — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Colony of Avalon

La colonie d’Avalon

 

—Sir David Kirke, c. 1597-1654 —

 
Colony of Avalon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
1. Colony of Avalon Marker
Inscription. Two plaques are mounted on this monument.

English:
Near this site stood the “Mansion House” built between 1621 and 1625 by Captain E. Wynne, resident governor of the Colony of Avalon, for the proprietor, Sir George Calvert (later Lord Baltimore), who took up residence here in 1628. The active hostility of transient fishermen and costly raids by French privateers and warships led Calvert to abandon his colony in 1629. Ferryland, however, continued to be an important fishing and commercial station and the “Mansion House” became the seat of Sir David Kirke’s government of Newfoundland between 1637 and 1650.

French:
Près de cet emplacement d’élevait la “Mansion House” construite entre 1621 et 1625 par le capitaine E. Wynne, Gouverneur résidant de la colonie d’Avalon, pour le propriétaire Sir George Calvert (devenu plus tard Lord Baltimore) qui vint s’y établir en 1628. L’hostilité ouverte des pêcheurs saisonniers et le coúteuses razzias menées par des corsaires et des vaisseaux de guerre français amenèrent Calvert à abandonner sa colonie en 1629. Ferryland continuait toutefois à tenir le rôle important de station de pêche et de commerce et la “Mansion House” devint le siège du gouvernement de Terre-Veuve de Sir David Kirke de 1637
Sir David Kirke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
2. Sir David Kirke Marker
à 1650.

Sir David Kirke
c. 1597-1654

English:
In 1637 Sir David Kirke became governor of Newfoundland, his royal patent supplanting Lord Baltimore's proprietary claim to the Colony of Avalon. The Newfoundland Coat of Arms is that granted to Kirke as governor. In 1639 Kirke took possession of Baltimore's "Mansion House" and, despite restrictions forbidding coastal settlement, established an efficient government in a prosperous colony. He successfully defended himself against charges brought by opponents of his royalist activities but was later arrested at the suit of Baltimore for the seizure of Ferryland. He died in London in the Clink prison.

French:
En 1637, le roi nomma Kirke gouverneur de Terre-Neuve, révoquant ainsi les droits de propriété de lord Baltimore sur la colonie d'Avalon. Les armoiries de Terre-Neuve sont celles qui furent accordées à Kirke comme gouverneur. En 1639, il s'installa dans la Mansion House de Baltimore et, malgré des interdictions touchant les établissements côtieres, it établit un gouvernement compétent dans une colonie prospère. Il se défendit avec succès contre les accusations des parlementaristes, mais il fut plus tard arrêté à la requête de Baltimore pour s'être emparé de Ferryland. Il mourut en prison en 1654.
 
Erected by
Colony of Avalon Monument image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
3. Colony of Avalon Monument
Historic Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada.
 
Location. 47° 1.44′ N, 52° 53.063′ W. Marker is in Ferryland, Newfoundland and Labrador, in Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula). Marker can be reached from Newfoundland and Labrador Route 10, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ferryland, Newfoundland and Labrador A0A, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ferryland (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The French Attack Ferryland (approx. half a kilometer away).
 
More about this marker. This monument is near the Colony of Avalon visitors centre.
 
Also see . . .
1. Colony of Avalon. Although the archaeological history of Ferryland essentially stops with the French raid of 1696, the succeeding two centuries are filled with fascinating characters and events. Many of these are interpreted at the Ferryland Museum, a short distance from the Colony of Avalon Visitor Centre. (Submitted on December 8, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 

2. Sir David Kirke - Dictionary of Canadian Biography. David Kirke’s character remains
Colony of Avalon, the forge image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
4. Colony of Avalon, the forge
obscure and controversial, heroic to some English writers, piratical to some French. His actions at Quebec have been denounced as those of a violent and grasping religious bigot,... In an age of violence Kirke behaved in Newfoundland like a self-appointed king of the fishery island, ousting Lord Calvert’s agent and imposing his own order on the transient fishing fleet.
(Submitted on December 8, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers
 
Colony of Avalon, storehouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
5. Colony of Avalon, storehouse
Colony of Avalon, the kitchen garden image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
6. Colony of Avalon, the kitchen garden
Ferryland is in the background.
Colony of Avalon - Ongoing excavation image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
7. Colony of Avalon - Ongoing excavation
Colony of Avalon, the privy image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 23, 2014
8. Colony of Avalon, the privy
Some of the most significant finds have occurred here.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 212 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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