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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Show of Strength

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 

—War of 1812 —

 
Show of Strength Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
1. Show of Strength Marker
Inscription. After the stinging defeat at Bladensburg and invasion of Washington, Americans rallied to save Baltimore. All available able-bodied men were called to build defenses. Black and white, slave and free, united to dig earthworks across Hampstead Hill and adjacent heights.

British land forces approaching on September 13, 1814, stopped at the sight of the well-armed defenses. Deciding that storming the American stronghold would be too costly, the British army retreated.

Baltimore’s Heroes-Credit for the defenses goes to Major General Samuel Smith and Commodore John Rogers. Smith coordinated the overall effort. Rodgers commanded Hampstead Hill, including a bastion where the pagoda now stands

(Inscriptions near the images on the left)
Major General Samuel Smith by Rembrandt Peale, ca. 1817-18-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society and Commodore John Rogers by John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1814-image courtesy National Gallery of Art.

“(Baltimore) was…defended by extremely Strong Works on every Side, and immediately in front of us by an extensive Hill on which was an entrenched Camp and great quantities of artillery, and …at least… 15 to 20,000 Men.”
–British Rear Admiral George Cockburn to Vice Admiral Alexander F.I. Cochrane, September 15, 1814.

(Inscription at the bottom)
The Gathering

Show of Strength Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
2. Show of Strength Marker
of the Troops on Hampstead Hill by Thomas Ruckle-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society.
 
Erected by National Park Service-United States Department of the Interior.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 39° 17.4′ N, 76° 35.016′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is on South Patterson Park Avenue. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of Patterson Park near the Pagoda. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21231, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Star-Spangled Banner Centennial Monument (here, next to this marker); This Cannon Marks Rodgers Bastion (a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing); Patterson Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Prelude to War (within shouting distance of this marker); Spanish American War Monument (approx. 0.4 miles away); Recinoso (approx. 0.4 miles away); General Casimir Pulaski (approx. 0.4 miles away); Ferdinand Clairborne Latrobe (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Patterson Park gate-established 1827-Pagoda in the background image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
3. Patterson Park gate-established 1827-Pagoda in the background
The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
4. The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill
By Thomas Ruckle
Close-up of painting on marker
Maryland Historical Society
Major General Samuel Smith image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
5. Major General Samuel Smith
By Rembrandt Peale, ca. 1817-18
Close-up of painting on marker
Maryland Historical Society
Commodore John Rogers image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
6. Commodore John Rogers
By John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1814
Close-up of painting on marker
National Gallery of Art
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 706 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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