Gibbon, near here, was the site of a unique experiment in homestead colonization. The Soldiers' Free Homestead Temperance Colony was responsible for bringing the earliest settlers, mostly Union veterans, to this locality. Traveling via the Union Pacific Railroad, the first group arrived April 7, 1871, when the only building was a small section house. They lived in railroad boxcars until sod or frame homes could be built. Their first view of the area was not encouraging, since a prairie fire had recently swept the region, and two days after their arrival a blizzard struck. Still, of 129 families only one failed to file a homestead claim. As you travel east, you will parallel the Nebraska City-Fort Kearny Cut-off which joined the main Overland Trail near here. This freighting trail, in operation from about 1860-1869, was designed to speed travel between the Missouri River, frontier military posts, and Denver. It offered a more direct route than the earlier Ox-Bow Trail which looped north to the Platte Valley. Freighting over the Cut-off peaked in 1865 when 44 million pounds of supplies were shipped west from Nebraska City.
Erected by Nebraska State Historical Society and Department of Roads. (Marker Number 201.)
Marker series. This marker
Location. 40° 44.805′ N, 98° 50.719′ W. Marker is in Gibbon, Nebraska, in Buffalo County. Marker is on 2nd Street near Court Street (Nebraska Route 10C), on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Gibbon Heritage Center, Gibbon NE 68840, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Buffalo County Court House (a few steps from this marker); Memorial Tree (a few steps from this marker); The Soldiers Free Homestead Colony (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nebraska Centre - Boyd Ranche (approx. 1.3 miles away); D. E. "Mac" McGregor (approx. 2.8 miles away); a different marker also named Gibbon (approx. 2.8 miles away); Joseph E. Johnson and the Huntsmanís Echo (approx. 6.2 miles away); Shelton Pioneers (approx. 6.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Gibbon.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. History of Gibbon, Nebraska. (Submitted on December 17, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Buffalo County NE Historical Information. (Submitted on December 17, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. Soldier's Free Homestead Colony of Gibbon NE. (Submitted on December 17, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 203 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.