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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Louisbourg in Cape Breton Regional Municipality., Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
 

First Lighthouse

Le premier phare

 
 
First Lighthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 3, 2014
1. First Lighthouse Marker
Inscription. English:
Here are the ruins of Louisbourg’s first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was designed to be fireproof, thick brick vaults, a lead-sheathed roof, and a water cooled oil lamp.

Until the siege of Louisbourg in 1758, this harbour was one of the busiest in the New World, with the lighthouse offering guidance to thousands of approaching mariners. The operating costs of the service, including the keeper’s salary, were paid for from a toll levied on incoming vessels. After 1758, however, the lighthouse was probably no longer used. It is shown in ruins on a 1798 plan. When the present light was being constructed, during the 1920s, local historical enthusiasts lobbied to have the ruins preserved. In 1926 the Historic Site and Monuments Board of Canada unveiled the bronze plaque to your left.

French:
Voici les vestiges du premier phare de Louisbourg, qui était également le premier phare érigé au Canada et le deuxième en Amérique du Nord. Mis en service en 1734, il fut grandement endommagé par un incendie deux ans plus tard, mais rapidement remis en état. Cette lanterne de rechange avait été conçue pour résister au feu, grâce à sa voûte de briques,
First Lighthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 3, 2014
2. First Lighthouse Marker
à son toit plombé et a un système de refroidissement hydraulique de la lampe à huile de morue.

Jusqu’au siege de 1758, le port de Louisbourg fut un des plus achalandés du Nouveau Monde. Le phare guidait l’approche de milliers de marins. Les frais de son exploitation, y compris le salaire du gardien, étaient recouvrés au moyen d’un droit imposé aux navires entrants. Après 1758, on cessa d’utiliser le phare. Un plan de 1798 en montre les ruines. Lors de la construction du phare actuel, dans les années 1920, des passionnés d’histoire locale firent pression sur les autorités pour qu’elles préservent ces ruines. En 1926, la Commission des lieux et monuments historiques du Canada a inauguré la plaque que vous voyez à votre gauche.
 
Erected by Parks Canada.
 
Location. 45° 54.395′ N, 59° 57.505′ W. Marker is in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, in Cape Breton Regional Municipality.. Marker can be reached from Havenside Road, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 573 Havenside Road, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia B1C 1P4, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Lighthouse Tower (here, next to this marker); French Garrison at Louisbourg (here, next to this marker); 19th-Century Lighthouse (a few steps from this marker); Louisbourg Harbour (within shouting distance of this marker); Lighthouse Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Kennelly Point (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Lobster Fishery (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Fortress of Louisbourg (approx. 2 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Louisbourg.
 
More about this marker. This marker is near the lighthouse located at the end of Havenside Road.
 
Also see . . .  The First Lighthouse at Louisbourg - Louisbourg Lighthouse. Louisbourg, built near the northeast corner of Cape Breton Island, was the base from which the French planned to hold New France against the English. The Fortress was dependant upon ships from France to supply most of its needs. Safe entrance to the harbour at the end of the long voyage became a concern. (Submitted on December 29, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. CommunicationsWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 253 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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