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Tracys Landing in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Town of Herrington: Unearthing the Origins of South County

 
 
The Town of Herrington: Unearthing the Origins of South County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
1. The Town of Herrington: Unearthing the Origins of South County Marker
Inscription. During 2001-2004, Anne Arundel County’s Lost Towns Project conducted excavations in the neighboring community of Leitch in search of the lost town of Herrington (c. 1660), one of Maryland’s earliest legislated port towns. Established by the Maryland General Assembly, Herrington provided a strategic position for controlling the taxation of exported tobacco, a staple of this area’s economy for more than 300 years. Its inhabitants were Protestant dissenters from England and Virginia with close ties to religious and political forces that influenced the colony and shaped the development of South County.

Archaeologists and volunteers discovered Herrington about a mile to the south on a high flat area overlooking a cove on Herring Bay, in proximity to fresh water springs and aligned with a roadway that may date to the 17th century. Excavations produced evidence of two earthfast or post-in-ground buildings and a large collection of colonial period artifacts. Extensive archival research identified one-acre size lots within this 100-acre settlement occupied by planters, merchants, and mariners. Further research is needed to determine why Herrington largely disappeared from the historical record by the early 18th century.

The Search
(Inscription under the map in the upper left)
A 1671 map of the Chesapeake Bay documents Herrington’s

Meeting House circa 1895-Restoration by Herrington Harbour North image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
2. Meeting House circa 1895-Restoration by Herrington Harbour North
existence, but, unfortunately, not its exact location. This view is one of the earliest depictions of Anne Arundel County.

(Inscription under the photo in the lower left)
Lost Towns Project archaeologists and volunteers sift excavated soil through wire screens looking for artifacts from the 17th century.

The Discoveries
(Inscription under the photo in the lower center)
These darkened stains in the soil, called features, indicate where structural wooden posts once supported one of the towns earthfast buildings. Archaeologist dug through almost three feet of siltation to find them.

(Inscription under the photo in the lower center right)
The project recovered a wide range of artifacts from the town site, including imported ceramics, architectural materials, oyster shells, and fragments of clay tobacco pipes.

Religion
(Inscription under the photo at the right top)
Some Herrington inhabitants converted to Quakerism, while others were active members of St James, an Anglican parish founded in 1692. These surviving gravestones at the church belong to lot holder Christopher Birckhead and his wife Anne. Leadership (Inscription under the family crest) Several Herrington lot holders held high ranking offices, notably Samuel Chew Sr., and Thomas Tench. Both were councilors to Lord Baltimore, as well as legislators and court justices.

Please

Nutwell School (One Room School) circa 1885-Restoration by Herrington Harbour North image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
3. Nutwell School (One Room School) circa 1885-Restoration by Herrington Harbour North
contact losttowns.com, www.fourriversheritage.org. and annearundeltrust.org to learn more about Herrington, heritage area resources, and historic preservation. Archaeological excavations funded by the Maryland Historical Trust and Anne Arundel County Government.

Signboard sponsored by Four Rivers: The Heritage Area of Annapolis, London Town and South County, Maryland Heritage Areas Authority, Anne Arundel County, Anne Arundel County Trust for Preservation, Herrington Harbour North, and Severn Graphics.
 
Location. 38° 46.59′ N, 76° 34.032′ W. Marker is in Tracys Landing, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is on Old Deale Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of Herrington Harbour North. Marker is in this post office area: Tracys Landing MD 20779, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Birds of Prey (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Outnumbered (about 800 feet away); Wildlife You May See (approx. 0.3 miles away); Chesapeake Bay Wetlands (approx. 0.3 miles away); Anne and Christopher Birckhead (approx. 1.9 miles away); Saint James’ Church (approx. 1.9 miles away); Holly Hill (approx. 3.3 miles away); Welcome to Galesville (approx. 4.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tracys Landing.
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers

 
Outhouse circa 1890-Shady Side, MD image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
4. Outhouse circa 1890-Shady Side, MD
Residence built 1880 Prince Frederick MD-Restoration by Herrington Harbour Marina image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
5. Residence built 1880 Prince Frederick MD-Restoration by Herrington Harbour Marina
Log Smokehouse circa 1820, Rosehill Manor, Davidsonville MD image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
6. Log Smokehouse circa 1820, Rosehill Manor, Davidsonville MD
Corn House circa 1910 from Lothian, MD image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
7. Corn House circa 1910 from Lothian, MD
Dairy circa 1830 from Joseph Emmerick Farm, Lothian, MD image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 26, 2014
8. Dairy circa 1830 from Joseph Emmerick Farm, Lothian, MD
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 267 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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