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Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Higgins House
Arresting Civilians
 
Higgins House - Arresting Civilians Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
1. Higgins House - Arresting Civilians Marker
 
Inscription. Early Sunday morning, June 28, 1863, Confederate cavalrymen arrived at merchant John Higgins' house to arrest him, but he had already left for Christ Episcopal Church. Instead they captured Eblen, a 17 year-old Union soldier recuperating here. When troopers told Dora Higgins to open the doors to their store, she refused, appealing to General J.E.B. Stuart for aid. Stuart replied that she was to stay in front of the store and "let one of them dare resist you." For the next six hours, Dora kept the Confederates at bay.

George Peter, a secessionist and neighbor of the Higgins, demanded that arrested citizens receive fair treatment. Dora Higgins wrote "had it not been for their endeavors, every Union man would have been taken and every store laid open,... for they said to carry out such an order would be their (Secessionists') entire ruin." Stuart could not afford to antagonize Southern sympathizers, and a captured Union wagon train answered his men's needs.

(Inset, lower right): Matthew Fields, secessionist owner, editor, and publisher of the Montgomery County Sentinel, was arrested twice without formal charges when many civil rights were suspended under martial law. Levin Hoskinson, his apprentice printer who joined the 7th Virginia Infantry, was killed at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861.
 
Higgins Family Cemetery Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 17, 2006
2. Higgins Family Cemetery
This is located on Arundel Avenue near Washington Avenue in the Twinbrook neighborhood of Rockville. Buried here is James Higgins, a Revolutionary War soldier that was an ancestor of the man who built the Higgins House.
 
He was the first Rockville man lost in the war.

(Caption of pictures in lower left): Merchant John Higgins, Courtesy of the Montgomery County Historical Society. George Peter became a state senator after the war. Courtesy of the Montgomery County Historical Society.

(Caption of picture in upper right): Oldest photograph of Rockville's main thoroughfare, ca. 1870, with hay scale in the public triangle. The 1840 courthouse is out of the picture to the right. The Female Seminary and John Higgins' store are out of the picture to the lower left. Stuart's prisoners were taken from the courthouse down the road toward Brookeville.
- Courtesy of Peerless Rockville
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 5.105′ N, 77° 9.278′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of West Middle Lane and North Adams Street, on the right when traveling west on West Middle Lane. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker
 
Headstone and Plaque Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 17, 2006
3. Headstone and Plaque
This is the actual grave of the Revolutionary War soldier James Higgins.
 
. North Adams Street and Middle Lane Residential Area (here, next to this marker); Beall-Dawson House and Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Beall-Dawson House (within shouting distance of this marker); Stonestreet Medical Museum (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Beall-Dawson House (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Rockville.
 
More about this marker. One of the series of Maryland Civil War Trails markers. This one is on the Gettysburg Campaign.
 
Plaque Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 17, 2006
4. Plaque
The plaque reads: Revolutionary Soldier James Higgins 1732 - 1816
 
 
North Adams Street and Higgins House Markers Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
5. North Adams Street and Higgins House Markers
 
 
Merchant John Higgins Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
6. Merchant John Higgins
Close-up of photo on marker
Montgomery County Historical Society/small>
 
 
George Peters became a<br> state senator after the war. Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
7. George Peters became a
state senator after the war.
Close-up of photo on marker
Montgomery County Historical Society
 
 
Rockville's main thoroughfare, ca. 1870 Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
8. Rockville's main thoroughfare, ca. 1870
Oldest photograph of Rockville's main thoroughfare, ca. 1870, with hay scale in the public triangle. The 1840 courthouse is out of the picture to the right. The Female Seminary and John Higgins' store are out of the picture to the lower left. Stuart's prisoners were taken from the courthouse down this road toward Brookeville.
Close-up of photo on marker
Peerless Rockville
 
 
Map -- You Are Here Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
9. Map -- You Are Here
Close-up of map on marker
 
 
101 North Adams Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
10. 101 North Adams
 
 
Sign by the Front Door, 101 North Adams Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
11. Sign by the Front Door, 101 North Adams
Williams = Wilson House
circa 1780
Rockville's Oldest Building
In 1863, General J.E.B. Stuart captured the house's then owner, John H. Higgins, and several other known Union sympathizers, who were hiding in the Vestry of Christ Episcopal Church.
Rockville Historic District Commission,
Maryland Historial Trust
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on January 21, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,990 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on January 21, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   2, 3, 4. submitted on November 7, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   5. submitted on January 21, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on July 4, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
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