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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near South Pass City in Fremont County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

South Pass and South Pass City

 
 
South Pass and South Pass City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
1. South Pass and South Pass City Marker
Inscription. A region rich in history. A city rich in gold. From 1812 to 1868 this open country at the end of the Wind River Mountains provided a passage - the only passage - through the Rocky Mountain barrier of the Continental Divide for some 500,000 westering Americans. Through this Great South Pass came the Mountain Men, fur trappers and traders, explorers, missionaries, pioneers in covered wagons traversing the Oregon, California and Mormon trails, overland stage coaches, military expeditions, and Pony Express riders.

In 1866, however, traffic on the great trails had dwindled with the anticipated completion of the transcontinental railroad. Then, in 1867, gold was discovered on Willow Creek. The rush was on. By 1869 more than 30 mines were in operation and some 3,000 people populated the region. The instant towns of South Pass City, Atlantic City and Miners Delight were rip-roaring and wide open for business.

This lusty, male-dominated mining district became the unlikely center of a move for female suffrage when it elected William H. Bright, a South Pass City miner and saloon keeper, to the first Wyoming Territorial Council in Cheyenne. Bright introduced a Female Suffrage Act that gave all adult Wyoming women the right to vote and hold public office. The Act was passed by the legislative body and signed into law on December
South Pass and South Pass City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
2. South Pass and South Pass City Marker
10, 1869, making Wyoming the first official government in the country to grant equal rights to women.

The mining boom went bust in the 1870s, and the population moved on to the next bonanza. The towns became near ghosts, although some limited mining activity continued. Today the region is operated as a Historic Mining District by the Bureau of Land Management. South Pass City, two miles south, is a Wyoming State Historic Site.
 
Erected by Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming.
 
Location. 42° 29.586′ N, 108° 48.582′ W. Marker is near South Pass City, Wyoming, in Fremont County. Marker is on Dickinson Avenue (Wyoming Route 28) near South Pass City Road / B Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lander WY 82520, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Carissa Mine: Cycle of Boom and Bust (approx. 1.4 miles away); South Pass City: Wyoming’s Biggest Gold Boom and Bust (approx. 1.4 miles away); First Masonic Lodge in Wyoming (approx. 1.7 miles away); South Pass City (approx. 1.8 miles away); Esther Hobart Morris (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Atlantic City Project (approx. 3.4 miles away); Gold Flakes to Yellowcake Historic Mine Trail (approx. 3.4 miles away); Atlantic City: Surviving the Bust (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in South Pass City.
 
Categories. Civil RightsRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 227 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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