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Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Richardson’s Hill

Kenly Makes His Stand

 

—Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862 —

 
Richardson’s Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
1. Richardson’s Hill Marker
Inscription. Directly in front of you is the “commanding height” where Union Col. John H. Kenly made his last attempt to hold Front Royal. Atop Richardson’s Hill—this “cherty” ridge, as Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson called it—Kenly posted the two-gun section of Knap s Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery. The two ten-pounder Parrott rifled cannons, commanded by Lt. Charles Atwell, pinned down the Confederates on the plain below while Kenly’s infantry gathered here to support the guns.

Kenly realized that the Union occupation of Front Royal was essential to protect the left flank of Gen. Nathaniel Banks’s main army at Strasburg. “I prepared to hold the position as long as possible,” Kenly later wrote, “for I was certain that if I did not check Jackson’s advance ... Banks was lost.” In a momentary stroke of good luck, two companies of the 5th New York Cavalry arrived from Strasburg to augment Kenly’s infantry.

Col. Bradley T. Johnson, comanding the Confederate attackers, soon countered Kenly’s deployment. While the 1st Maryland infantry (CSA) and Maj. Chatham Roberdeau Wheat’s battalion returned fire from behind the stone wall below Richardson’s Hill, the 6th Louisiana Infantry flanked the Union position to the west. In addition, Lt.
Two Markers In Front of Richardson's Hill image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
2. Two Markers In Front of Richardson's Hill
Col. Thomas S. Flournoy's 6th Virginia Cavalry threatened the Federal rear. Kenly, about to be surrounded, ordered a retreat north across the forks of the Shenandoah River.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 56.198′ N, 78° 11.679′ W. Marker is in Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is on North Royal Avenue north of West 14th Street (U.S. 340), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Three routes converge on North Royal Avenue on their way out of town: U.S. 340 north, Virginia 55 west, and U.S. 522 north. The three routes turn left onto West 14th Street, and North Royal Avenue continues straight ahead as a narrow residential street. The marker is just north of the intersection of Royal and 15th Street. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Execution of Mosby’s Rangers (here, next to this marker); The Bridges (approx. 0.4 miles away); Rose Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Guard Hill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Battle of Front Royal (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Front Royal.
 
Regarding Richardson’s Hill.
Detail of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
3. Detail of Map on Marker
This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Front Royal. (Submitted on January 6, 2007.)
2. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Richardson’s Hill - Stop Seven. This marker is stop seven on the Front Royal Driving tour. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Enlargement of the Tactical Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
4. Enlargement of the Tactical Map
Richardson’s Hill in 2008 image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, August 13, 2008
5. Richardson’s Hill in 2008
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,677 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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