Laurel in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Laurel Harnessed the River to Power the Cotton Mill
Riverfront Park Heritage & Nature Trauil
A Massive Dam and Mill Race
A massive dam built in 1850 controlled the Patuxent River's flow in order to supply water to the Laurel Cotton Mill. According to newspaper reports in 1855 the dam measured 222 feet wide and 27 feet tall. A canal on the south bank, called the mill race, ran about 600 feet and directed water into the mill.
Wooden doors in the large sluice gate across the channel were used to control the flow of water. These would be opened or closed depending upon the power needed. Water flowed from the race or canal to the mill where it powered two overshot wheels and later a large Boyden Turbine before flowing back into the river. The dam was frequently in need of repairs. Most of the dam was blown up on the 1940s.
Erected by City of Laurel Department of Parks and Recrecation.
Location. 39° 6.623′ N, 76° 51.49′ W. Marker is in Laurel, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Main Street Click for map. The marker in on the Riverfront Park path, as it goes behind the Laurel Municipal Pool. The best way to get to the marker is to park in the Pool's parking lot at the north end of 9th street, then walk west along the path behind the Pool. Marker is in this post office area: Laurel MD 20707, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Casula Point (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Laurel: A Factory Town Bridging Two Counties (about 300 feet away); Laurel Cotton Mill and Dam (about 300 feet away); Laurel Factory: A Mill Town (about 300 feet away); Laurel Factory: (about 300 feet away); Water From the Dam Powered the Cotton Mill (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Laurel Harnessed the River to Power the Cotton Mill (about 700 feet away); The Old Stone Methodist Church (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Laurel.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by A. Taylor of Laurel, Maryland. This page has been viewed 184 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by A. Taylor of Laurel, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.