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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lander in Fremont County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

South Pass

 
 
South Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
1. South Pass Marker
Inscription. South Pass was discovered in 1812 by a small band of Astorians led by Robert Stuart as they traveled east with dispatches for John Jacob Astor. It was “rediscovered” in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter crossing through the Wind River Mountain Range. William Sublette led a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While the party did not take the wagons over the pass, they proved that wagon travel was possible.

Captain Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons over South Pass into the Green River Basin in 1832. But it was Lt. John Charles Fremont who would be credited with widely publicizing the route over South Pass as a result of his expedition in 1842. Scattered references to the easy passage over the Rocky Mountains had appeared in newspapers for a decade, but Fremont ignited enthusiasm for South Pass by explaining that a traveler could go through the pass without any “toilsome ascents”.

With the discovery of South Pass, the great western migration began. Thousands of Mormons, future Oregonians and Californians would use the trail in the following twenty years.
 
Erected by Bureau of Land Management.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Mormon Pioneer Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the Pony Express National Historic Trail marker
South Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
2. South Pass Marker
series.
 
Location. 42° 20.595′ N, 108° 53.135′ W. Marker is in Lander, Wyoming, in Fremont County. Marker is on Emigrant Trail near Oregon Buttes Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lander WY 82520, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Oregon Trail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Narcissa Prentiss Whitman (about 400 feet away); Oregon Buttes (approx. mile away); a different marker also named South Pass (approx. 2.8 miles away); Meadows in the Sage (approx. 2.8 miles away); Pacific Springs (approx. 3.2 miles away); a different marker also named South Pass (approx. 4.5 miles away); a different marker also named South Pass (approx. 4.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Lander.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located at the South Pass summit on the Oregon/California/Mormon/Pony Express Trail.
 
Also see . . .  South Pass (Wyoming) - Wikipedia. South Pass (elevation 7,412 feet (2,259 m) and 7,550 feet (2,300 m)) is the collective term for two mountain passes on the Continental Divide in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Wyoming. The passes are located in a broad low region, 35 miles
The Oregon-California Trail looking east from South Pass. image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
3. The Oregon-California Trail looking east from South Pass.
(56 km) wide, between the Wind River Range to the north and the Oregon Buttes and Great Divide Basin to the south, in southwestern Fremont County, approximately 35 miles (56 km) SSW of Lander.
(Submitted on January 27, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
The Oregon-California Trail looking west from South Pass. image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 24, 2014
4. The Oregon-California Trail looking west from South Pass.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 289 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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