Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fort Washington in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Shot and Shell

 
 
Shot and Shell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 1, 2008
1. Shot and Shell Marker
Inscription. Fort Washington's solid masonry walls offered good protection against shot from smoothbore cannon of the early 19th century.

When rifled artillery was introduced in the late 1850s and used during the Civil War, effectiveness of masonry structures decreased. The new weapons fired projectiles that fit the bore tightly and were given a stabilizing spin by the grooves in the barrel.

These improvements gave the rifled guns a range, accuracy, and hitting power nearly three times greater than the smoothbore cannon of the early 19th century.
 
Location. 38° 42.665′ N, 77° 2.118′ W. Marker is near Fort Washington, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Fort Washington Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located in Fort Washington Park, overlooking the southwest demi-bastion. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13551 Fort Washington Road, Fort Washington MD 20744, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Water Battery (a few steps from this marker); Minefields (within shouting distance of this marker); Counterscarp Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Caponiere
Shot and Shell Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 1, 2008
2. Shot and Shell Wayside
(within shouting distance of this marker); The Cisterns (within shouting distance of this marker); New Guns for an Old Fort (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Water Battery (about 300 feet away); The Northwest Demi-Bastion (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Washington.
 
More about this marker. On the marker to the left are illustrations of smoothbore and rifled artillery. On the right is a profile drawing of the fort walls illustrating the difference in the effectiveness of the different projectiles. On the lower right is a photograph of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, showing damage inflicted by rifled artillery in 1862.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Washington. National Park Service site. (Submitted on May 31, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesMilitary
 
Shot and Shell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 7, 2013
3. Shot and Shell Marker
24-pounder Smoothbore Guns image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 1, 2008
4. 24-pounder Smoothbore Guns
On display in the courtyard of the fort is this set of guns. These may be replicas, but conform with 24-pounder guns of the 1840 pattern.
Parrott Rifled Cannon image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 1, 2008
5. Parrott Rifled Cannon
Several examples of 30-pounder Parrott rifles (4.2 inch bores) are also displayed in the courtyard. Like the smoothbores, these have no markings and have very rough machining lines. These are most likely replicas also.
Smoothbore and Rifled Artillery image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 7, 2013
6. Smoothbore and Rifled Artillery
Close-up of image on marker
The Result image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 7, 2013
7. The Result
Close-up of image on marker
Fort Pulaski, Georgia image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 7, 2013
8. Fort Pulaski, Georgia
showing damage inflicted by rifled artillery in 1862.
Close-up of photo on marker
   24 Pounder Cannon image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 11, 2011
9.    24 Pounder Cannon
This Civil-War era gun mounted en barbette as shown on the marker is the only gun still mounted at Fort Washington. The Woodrow Wilson Bridge and the Washington Monument are visible in the distance.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 769 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement