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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information

Kings Reach Site

 
 
Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
1. Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information Marker
Inscription. Before excavations began, archaeologist collected artifacts from the surface of the plowed field to determine the site’s size and age. Based on the location of these objects, researchers developed a plan to gain the maximum amount of information with a minimum of digging.

First, the layer of soil already disturbed by centuries of plowing was removed and screened to recover all the artifacts. After removing the plow zone, a number of features were revealed. To a trained eye, the features were easy to see; for example, the soil in the filled-in cellars was different in color than the surrounding soil. Each feature’s dimensions were carefully measured and mapped. By excavating only small sections at a time, archaeologists were able to determine a feature’s size, shape, and function with least amount of damage.

At this site, archaeologist excavated 1434 squares measuring 2 meters (about 6.5 feet) on each side to reveal what had been hidden for nearly 300 years.

(Inscription on the three images on the left)
Surface collecting objects in the field, 1984. Excavating plow zone, 1998. Mapping the site, 1998.

(Inscription on the two images on the right)
Professional and volunteer archaeologist screen and remove objects from the plow zone. King’s Reach features are indicated by darker soil, 1984.
 
Location.

Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information-Out line of buildings in the background image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
2. Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information-Out line of buildings in the background
38° 24.123′ N, 76° 30.697′ W. Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker is on Jefferson Patterson Park Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. What Life Was Like Here (a few steps from this marker); King's Reach Post Mold Patterns (within shouting distance of this marker); Evidence Found in the Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); Indian Life at the Stearns Site (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); War on the Water (about 600 feet away); Discovery of a Colonial Plantation (about 600 feet away); Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers
 
Distant shot of the King's Ranch Site image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
3. Distant shot of the King's Ranch Site
Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
4. Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 182 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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